The day before Trinity signs customs. Trinity: signs, rituals and traditions

The day before Trinity signs customs. Trinity: signs, rituals and traditions

Trinity in 2018 is celebrated on May 27th. As with any holiday, the Trinity, which in turn also has a name - Pentecost, is associated with a wide variety of signs, as well as rituals.

Since this Christian holiday is always celebrated exactly on the fiftieth day after Easter, that's why it has such a name - Pentecost. Absolutely all the signs on the Trinity were treated quite carefully and the parents always passed on the history of their meanings to their children.

Folk customs and signs on the Trinity

Signs about the weather on the Trinity say that if it rains on this holiday, then there will definitely be warm weather and a large number of mushrooms.

The most ancient sign is the custom of consecration in the church of special “mourned” grass, tears absolutely always symbolized rain. Such grass was hidden in the house behind a frame or an icon, thereby begging from nature, and from God, a very good summer, that is, without drought, but with a rich harvest.

Birch twigs are a symbol of the Trinity, since they are one of the first, so to speak, dressed in very bright elegant greens, which is why they were inserted behind the shutters and platbands, they were also scattered around the room, thereby begging for a fairly fruitful summer.

The next Monday after the Trinity, the Orthodox people celebrate Spirit Day. And from Monday to Sunday there is Rusal Week. And since, according to popular beliefs, especially on Thursday - Rusalin is a great day, mermaids tried to lure people to them, they tried not to swim for the entire Rusal Week, and they always carried everything with them - wormwood. It was believed that mermaids are very afraid of this grass.

Also, absolutely any work on the Trinity was condemned, except for cooking. There was absolutely nothing to do.

A good enough omen for the Trinity, it was considered - matchmaking. The family life of the young will be very happy and long enough if they marry the Trinity, and marry the Intercession.

All old women went to the cemetery on Trinity, and in order to please the dead and drive away evil spirits, they swept the graves with birch brooms.

It is believed that it is on the Trinity that birch has a rather great power and therefore a special healing infusion is made from its leaves.

The Church rejected all sorts of fortune-telling, but it just so happened among the people that between Christmas and Epiphany, the big Christian holidays, there was a long period of Christmas time - the time of fortune-telling, and on the Trinity, during the mermaids, the girls guessed at fate, at the betrothed, with trepidation they waited for matchmakers .

The most common fortune-telling is the “curling” of a birch and the weaving of wreaths. On the eve of the Trinity, the girls went into the forest, tilted the tops of young birch trees and wove a wreath from twigs - they “curled” if, upon arrival at Trinity to her birch, the girl saw that she had developed or withered - you won’t have to wait for a good one. If it remains the same, there will be a wedding, and a beloved betrothed, and wealth in the house.

Weaving wreaths is also a custom for the Trinity. The girls in the company wove, the men were not allowed to see them, if the guy saw someone's wreath, it was a bad omen, the "evil eye" of the girl. Wreaths were woven directly to the Trinity and went with them to the river. There they launched: where he swam - the groom will be from there, stayed by the shore - the girl will not marry, well, if she drowned - she will die this year. Moreover, the wreaths were not removed from the head with their hands, but bent so that they themselves fell into the water.

In order for the betrothed to dream, they put birch twigs under the pillow.

The culture of a Russian person is rich - with his right hand he prayed to God in the church on Trinity, and at that time he could hold a bunch of grass with his left hand. Then, leaving the church, bow to the four corners of the world, weave at home from this bunch of wreaths, speak the cherished words on it and put behind the icon - for a happy and rich year, until the next Trinity. So, both Christian and pagan views of the Russian people merged into one. And there was no contradiction here, everything is harmonious and harmonious.

Even food for the Trinity was sometimes prepared with a conspiracy and in a special way. In the pre-Christian world, everything round was valued - pancakes for Maslenitsa - the same tradition, since the circle is a symbol of the sun. So on Trinity they baked a round loaf and made fried eggs in a frying pan of two eggs.

A round scrambled egg is both a symbol of the sun and a friendly married couple, "without corners", that is, without quarrels and disagreements. While the scrambled eggs were baking, the hostess would surely say cherished words over her, salted them with Thursday salt, and did not tear the greens, but spread them with twigs and onion feathers, which also meant unity and a strong bond between husband and wife. The husband himself did not participate in this, but waited for the wife to perform all the sacraments, put the scrambled eggs on the rye loaf and go with her husband to the grove, to the birch tree decorated in advance with bright shreds - to celebrate the Trinity and eat together a charmed meal - a talisman from all evil.

For a love spell on a loved one, they take the grass consecrated in the church, weave it into a wreath and put it under the pillow, while saying:

“I go to bed without praying and without crossing myself, Lord, forgive me, Christ. I put a wreath of holy herbs under my head. As these herbs twisted and intertwined into a wreath, so let the servant of God (name) around me, the slaves (name), twist and twist, as the wreath will wither and dry, so let it dry and grieve for me, God's servant (name), food is not seizes, does not drink with drink, does not go on a spree; at a feast, he or at a conversation, in a field or in a house - I would not go out of his mind-mind. Be my words strong and molding, stronger than stone and damask steel, a sharp knife and a greyhound spear. And the key to my words and affirmation, and the fortress is strong, and the strength is strong in the heavenly heights, and the castle is in the depths of the sea. Now and forever and forever and ever. Amen."

A conspiracy for good luck, for success in business, was always made at dawn on the street in the morning of the Trinity:

“I will rise, having prayed, I will go out, crossing myself, I will ascend a high mountain, I will look around on all four sides. As on the eastern side, in a green meadow, a black horse grazes, restlessly wild and violent. No one saddled him, no one rode him, that horse did not know the stirrups-reins. I will tame that horse, and he will walk obediently under me, carry me where I want. My will is strong, my word is true. Amen."

Customs for Trinity

Perhaps the most famous custom for unmarried people is weaving wreaths on this day. Such a ceremony should bring the girl good luck and strong love. It is worth noting that such a wreath is woven not just from any flowers that come to hand. To do this, stock up on field herbs and flowers. And for an even greater effect, such a wreath must be launched along the river.

In that situation, if the girl already has a chosen one in mind, then in order to strengthen their love, she should give him a woven wreath. But there is one condition - it is necessary that no one sees this process. Such a rite should cement their relationship for a long time.

It is important to know that a wreath woven by an unmarried woman is also a good amulet. It can even be hung above the front doors.

Oddly enough, but what to bake, almost does not matter. The main thing is that there should be a lot of baking, and it should be varied. There is a belief that the stronger the girl tries to bake various flour products, the happier she will be.

It must be remembered that one cannot deprive the feast of eggs, since they are considered an indispensable element of this holiday. To summarize, there should be all the dishes that the hostess can cook for Trinity: vegetable salads, sausages, fish, fruits, etc. Many argue that the generosity of the owners will be rewarded with the favor of nature.

Remember that when inviting guests to dinner, you need to invite only those whom you are kind to. And in general, it is better to avoid unpleasant people on the Trinity.

This day is just perfect for various fortune-telling rituals that can tell an unmarried girl a trinity for unmarried her fate. So, the girls cut off several small birch branches and put them under the pillow, the Ros-Registr portal writes. If in a dream the image of a guy appeared to them, then, most likely, fate will bring them together.

There is another divination on a birch. To do this, you need to come close to it, close your eyes and pick the first branch that comes across. Next, open your eyes and examine it. If the branch is even and beautiful, then the future is waiting for you, and if it is curved, then you need to prepare for the tests.

You can also guess on chamomile. But you need to take the flower that has already been in the wreath. Then you need to think about something, and you can start guessing. One plucked petal means that it will come true, and the second that it will not come true, and so on in a circle until all the petals run out.

Usually, on Trinity, unmarried girls do fortune-telling with special trepidation, which is explained by the fact that this day is endowed with special prophetic mystical power.

Protective rite, amulet for the Trinity

This unique protective rite needs to be performed only a few times a year, on which days: at Christmas - January 7, on your birthday or on the day of your Angel, on the birthday of the Most Holy Theotokos and on Trinity. Its incredible magical power is large enough and effective. For this rite on the Trinity, the following items must be prepared in advance: blessed water, an icon of Jesus Christ, namely 7 church candles, an icon of the Vladimir Mother of God, 2 mirrors, matches and Thursday salt.

Absolutely all the available items must be placed on a free table as follows: one mirror will be to your left, the second mirror, of course, to your right and so that both mirrors have your reflection and also so that they are clearly displayed in each other. Between these two mirrors, two icons must be placed, and in front of them - 4 candles. Put 3 more candles a little closer to you. The container with holy water should be placed exactly to the right on the edge of your table. Next, you should put protection, like this: around the table and chair, on which you will later sit in a circle, namely - clockwise in the first way - with holy water, and inside already - Thursday salt. And after all, you need to sit on the existing chair and read the following protective plot on the Trinity:

“The mirror is dark, the heart is black.
Lord, help, sanctify the soul.
I light a candle (light all the candles)
and in prayer I ask: put it on me,
to the servant of God, the prince of Darkness, the seal of Hell,
reflect the fire of Christ, that black seal,
which they put on me, the servant of God,
evil people, protect, Jesus, with an unbearable protection.

Lord Jesus Christ
Mother of the Blessed Virgin,
I put three bows: for the first time (cross yourself)
do not turn away from me, servants of God,
for sins free and not free. Amen.

For the second time (cross)
grant salvation to my soul, Lord. Amen.

For the third time (cross)
to the glory of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit
protect me, servant of God,
an indestructible cover, an indestructible protection.
Amen.

Time after time, cross after cross, lock me up
Lord, with your finger.
I lay three crosses with holy water
(draw a cross on the body with holy water),
in the name of the Lord I close myself with a cross (another cross)
in the name of Jesus Christ I close myself with a cross,
(more cross) in the name of the Holy Spirit
I close with a cross. Amen".

The holy water on your body should dry on its own and the candles should burn out completely to the end. Also, do not forget a rather important point, having performed this protective rite for the Trinity, after that you must adhere to fasting for three days, the next day after the rite, do not forget to visit the church and purchase 12 candles there. 3 candles each must be put to the icons of Jesus Christ, the Holy Trinity, the Mother of God and Panteleimon.

How to make a charm for the Trinity

It is on the very day of the Trinity in the temple that you need to buy 7 candles of only red wax. Further, in front of the image of the All-Tsaritsa - the heavenly one, put all the available 6 candles, pronouncing a conspiracy on each candle when lighting it. When lighting the seventh candle, also read the plot:

I'll get up and cross
Pray to the Lord
I'll go out the door to the gate,
From the gate - into the open field.
In an open field, wide expanse
There is a seven-domed golden church,
And in that church there is a holy icon.
The icon looks, the icon says,
The icon favors me.
I will come close, I will bow low:
“Oh, you, the talking icon,
At me, the servant of God (name), looking,
Intercede for me and pray
In your true favor,
For my preservation
From every misfortune, every trouble:
From deep water, from falling from a high mountain,
From the sword, from the ax, from the secret enemy,
From denunciation and slander, from lessons, damage and slander,
From the enemy of the day, from the enemy of the night,
From fire, poison in food, poison in water and wine,
From striking lightning in the field, forest, on the water,
From those who are far away, from those who are ahead,
From those who are behind me behind,
So that the bullet does not kill me,
The saber was not killed,
They didn’t crush it with a noose”

During the burning of the seventh candle, wax should drip from it directly into your palm, so to speak, into the hole of life, namely into the center of your left hand. When the exact moment comes when the floor of the candle burns out, you need to put it out on the wax that is in your left hand. Then clench your fist and go home on foot, and you also need to be silent all this time. Already at home, absolutely everything that you have in your hand must be carefully wrapped in a pure white small piece of cloth, while this manufactured amulet for the Trinity must be carried absolutely always with you, and then nothing threatens you at all.

The remaining cinder from the candle must be re-ignited in case of a strong need for protection, with the following words:

"What is frozen in the hand,
yes fire broke out
bow to three and in the spade,
tears and tenderness,
now it’s good for me to save.
Amen."

And you need to hide it in the red corner of your house behind the icons.

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The Day of the Holy Trinity, or Pentecost, is one of the closest Christian holidays to Russian people. By this time, and the Trinity is celebrated on the fiftieth day after Easter, nature finally wakes up, a new, full and full-blooded life begins. The floors of the temples are covered with freshly cut grass, the walls are decorated with birch branches, even the color of the clothes of the priests on this day is green.

It is a symbol of renewal, a symbol of beginning. After all, on this day our Church was born.

On this day, almost two thousand years ago, the apostles sat in the upper room (upper room) of one of the Jerusalem houses on Mount Zion. Whose house it was is unknown. But it was he who was destined to become the first Christian church. Indeed, in the Upper Room of Zion, Christ appeared to His disciples twice after His Resurrection, where He broke the bread and filled the cup with wine, thus celebrating the first liturgy. In the Zion Upper Room, the Holy Spirit descended on the apostles and the Virgin Mary - and this happened on the fiftieth day after the Resurrection of Christ and on the tenth day after His Ascension to Heaven.

By this time, the apostles were no longer confused and depressed, as after the crucifixion of Christ. The disciples of the Savior already understood that He left behind not just a handful of followers, but the Church. Despite the fact that the apostles were not residents of Jerusalem (most of them were from Galilee), they had not gone home for fifty days, meeting daily in that same Zion upper room. After all, Christ Himself asked them not to leave the city and wait for the baptism of the Holy Spirit.

And then “suddenly there was a noise from the sky, as if from a rushing strong wind, and filled the whole house where they were. And divided tongues appeared to them, as if of fire, and rested one on each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance" (Acts 2:2-4). Thus, on this day in the Zion chamber, the triune God appeared in his third incarnation, hence the name - the Feast of the Holy Trinity.

God the Father created the world and sent His Son, Jesus Christ, to earth to show people the way to salvation, and God the Holy Spirit descended on the apostles, and through them on each of us, to be close to people. The community of people in which the Holy Spirit is present is called the Church. Every Orthodox prays "In the name of the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit ..." In addition, on this day, God gave the apostles the opportunity to speak in different languages. After all, if the earthly history of Christ ended, then the life of Christ's Church has just begun. The apostles had to go to different countries and tell people about the Truth that God brought to them in all possible ways.

One morning, hearing a strange noise, the astonished inhabitants of Jerusalem began to approach the house where the apostles had gathered, and were very surprised when they heard that people inside the house were speaking different languages. They even thought that the people who spoke were drunk. Then the apostle Peter came out to the audience and said: “... men of Judah, and all who live in Jerusalem! this be known to you, and heed my words: they are not drunk, as you think, for now is the third hour of the day; but this is what was foretold by the prophet Joel: And it shall come to pass in the last days, says God, that I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh, and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy; and your youths will see visions, and your elders will be enlightened by dreams. And on My servants and on My handmaids in those days I will pour out My Spirit, and they will prophesy” (Acts 2:14-18).

Exactly as Peter said, it happened. Having received from God Himself the gift of prophesying, healing, and most importantly, bringing the Truth to people, the apostles dispersed throughout the world and preached in its farthest corners. The apostles were executed (only one of the twelve apostles, John, died a natural death), but what could enemies do against those with whom the Holy Spirit is always present, with Christians? Generations of people, rulers, and even entire states disappear from the face of the earth, and the Church has existed for almost two thousand years. Starting sometime with that very small group of people in the upper room on Mount Zion in Jerusalem ...

The material uses a reproduction of the painting by K. Lebedev "The Descent of the Holy Spirit"

paskha.ru

Traditions of celebrating the Trinity in Russia

Trinity is a very beautiful holiday. Houses and temples are decorated with branches, grass, flowers. And it is no coincidence. Greenery, flowers symbolize life. This is how people express their joy and gratitude to God for resurrecting them through null baptism into a new life.

Historically, birch branches are used to decorate temples and houses. This tree is considered blessed in Russia. It is not for nothing that many poems and songs are dedicated to him. The Trinity holiday without a birch is the same as Christmas without a Christmas tree. But Russia is a large country, with different climatic conditions, apparently, this can explain the fact that in some areas the festive trees were oak, maple, mountain ash. Trinity passes noisily and cheerfully. In the morning, everyone rushes to the temple for a festive service. And after it they arrange folk fun with round dances, games, songs. Be sure to cook loaves. They called guests to a festive dinner, made gifts to each other. Fairs were held in some areas.

With the revival of faith in Russia, the traditions of celebrating Orthodox holidays are also being revived. And already in our time, folk festivals with games, performances, songs are organized in the cities of the country.

Trinity - Green Christmas time

Trinity Day has been one of the favorite holidays of the Russian people since time immemorial. Many folk customs and rituals are still associated with it and are celebrated in addition to church celebrations. In ancient times, when the memory of the pagan past was still fresh in Russia, so many original manifestations of popular superstition were associated with the Trinity, or “Semitskaya”, week - like with none of the other holidays, except Christmas time. This week, dedicated to the goddess of spring, who defeated the demons of winter, has long been honored with noisy nationwide games. The end of May and the beginning of June - on which Trinity Day falls - were especially suitable for celebrating the spring revival of the land, which by this time was covered with the most lush vegetation, which had not yet lost its charming freshness.

The pagan calendar of our distant ancestors, which in this case coincided with Christian holidays, gave rise to their unification with themselves. Little by little, the ancient worship of the goddess of spring - the fair-haired Lada - was forgotten, and the customs that accompanied it merged with new rites, creating an unusually bright atmosphere around the first summer holiday. Over time, the pagan spirit of this latter was dissolved in the worldview enlightened by the desire for the mountain peaks of goodness of the new faith of the Slavs; but the ancient customs that have survived the centuries-old past still show how strong the blood ties of the plowman people with the life of their ancestors that surrounded them and the nature that surrounds their lives from everywhere until now.

"Semitskaya" - the seventh after Easter - the week ending on Trinity Day, is still called "Green Christmas" in some areas (for example, in the Rybinsk district of the Yaroslavl province). In the old years, she was magnified by this nickname everywhere in popular Russia, who also called her “mermaid”, “green”, “klechalnaya”, “suffocating commemoration”, “high” and other suitable names - each of which finds its explanation in the remnants Slavic-Russian paganism. According to a common joke - “Honest Maslenitsa called Semik to visit” ... and, - village eloquents add, - “Honour to her for that and praise!” Semik, this is actually Thursday in the last week before Pentecost. On this Thursday, dedicated by the ancient pagan Slav to the supreme god Perun the Thunderer, the main preparations were made for the celebration of Trinity Day.

Everything was the same as in the backwoods, where this Thursday is still a welcome guest of the unpretentious rural youth, according to legend - paying spring tribute to the memorable remnants of the past. In the Tula province, the Semitskaya birch is still not even called otherwise than “kuma”, and the word “kuma” back in the 40s and early 50s only meant kissing when passing under this very birch.
Semik is predominantly (and in other areas exclusively) a girl's holiday. In the Volga region, upper and middle, everywhere by this day girlish clubbing takes place in the villages: eggs are collected, cakes are baked, delicacies are bought. Girls, whole villages, go to the grove, to the banks of the river - to curl birch trees, "play songs" and feast. Wreaths are hung on the birch trees, according to which the Reds think about their fate, throwing them into the water on the very Trinity Day. Following the feast, they begin to dance, which stop from the Trinity to the Dormition.

Semitsky round dances are accompanied by special rituals dedicated to the “birch-birch”, which is given special honors - probably as a living personification of the ancient goddess of spring. About fifty years ago, in the Voronezh province, a doll made of straw, decorated with birch branches, was brought to Semitsky feasts - in which, undoubtedly, a clear echo of ancient paganism was heard. In some localities on Semik, ribbons are wrapped around some especially curly birch growing on the banks of the river, and they sing an old song to it: “My birch, birch, my white birch, my curly birch! ..”, etc. In the Vologda province Semik is better known under the name "Polyany". This is a consequence of the fact that all the customs associated with it cope in the clearings.

Semitsky customs were characteristic of more than one Slavs. Even the ancient Greeks and Romans had special spring festivals dedicated to flowers and trees. The Germans had a so-called "holiday of wreaths", in which there was even more in common with our Semik. According to the comparative data of pagan theology, Semik is a prototype of the union of heaven and earth.

Greenery and flowers now make up the hallmarks of the celebration of Trinity Day; everywhere in Russia, churches and houses are decorated on this day with birch branches - both in villages and in cities. In the old days, this custom was given special significance, linking two worlds - the pagan with the Christian. Games organized in honor of pagan deities existed in Poland even five centuries after the adoption of Christianity; according to the Polish historian Długosz.

Długosz is a famous Polish historian who lived in the 15th century. He was born in 1415, by education - a student of the University of Krakow; at the end of the course (dialectics and philosophy) he was the secretary of the Bishop of Orzhev - being at the same time consecrated to the rank of canon. From 1448, his diplomatic career began, bringing him closer to the royal court. Since 1467, Długosz was entrusted with the task of teaching the royal children. Before his death, he was elected archbishop, but his death preceded his consecration to this dignity: he died in 1480. During all the time of his diplomatic and pedagogical activity, he zealously worked on the historical monuments of his homeland. Of his works - the most fundamental "History of Poland", brought "from fabulous times" to the third quarter of the 16th century. The whole history of the Polish people is studied by Długosz - as an object of glorification of Poland and a lesson in serving the state of the Church and its tasks], they were called "The Herd". In Lithuania they existed even longer. In White Russia, there is still a lot in common with the ancient Polish-Lithuanian folk customs in general and those associated with the celebration of Trinity Day in particular.

There is a belief that Slavic nymphs and naiads - mermaids living in the pools of rivers, come out of the water this week. On the eve of Trinity Day, according to Little Russian belief, they run away to the fields and start their nightly games. - Boo! Wow! Straw Spirit! - as if they were shouting: - "The mother gave birth to me, she put me unbaptized!" Mermaids, according to popular belief, are the yearning souls of babies who were born dead or died unbaptized. They, starting from the "Green Christmas time" to Peter's Day, live in the forests, haunting and laughing inviting travelers to them, who are tickled to death. During the green mermaid week in Little Russia, no one bathes - for fear of falling into their hands; Semik is known here as "the great day of the mermaids." Wormwood and "dawn" grass are considered to be a protective remedy against mermaid charms. In the Chernihiv province, until recently, the custom of "mermaid wire" existed, when the river enchantresses were expelled - by a whole village - boys and girls. In the Spassky district of the Ryazan province, the Sunday following Trinity Day is reputed to be a “mermaid spell”, after seeing off the mermaids, games of “burners” and “duck” stop here until next spring.

In the old days, preachers especially rebelled against the belief about mermaids and the folk games and divination associated with it, denouncing the people in pagan superstition. In contrast to the popular celebration of the rampant Semik, it was decided to commemorate the wretched, buried in the so-called "wretched houses" and "poor women" this Thursday. But the merry festival was not obscured in folk life: laughter and songs were quickly replaced by tears and sobs on the same day.

Of the ancient customs associated with this holiday, not all have reached the turn of our days. Much has disappeared without even being included in the pages of ethnographic studies. So it was reported that in the Yenisei province. (Minusinsk, okrug.) Peasant women, having chosen a curly birch on Semik and cut it down, dress it up in their best dress and put it in a cage until the Trinity, and then - with songs - take it to the river. In the Kazan province. (Chistopolsk. U.) On the eve of the Trinity, a game is played in honor of the pagan god Yarila. In the Penza and Simbirsk provinces, on the day following Trinity, the girls, dressed in the worst, shabby sundresses, converge and, calling one of their friends “Kostroma”, put her on a board and carry her to bathe and bury to the river. Then they bathe themselves and return home, where they change into all festive clothes and lead round dances until late at night. In the Oryol province. on Trinity Day they “pray for a korovai” baked from flour brought by all the girls of the village in a pool: they go with this loaf to the grove and sing over it. In the Pskov province: in many villages they sweep over the graves with bunches of flowers brought from the church from the Trinity mass. This is called - "clear the eyes of the parents." In many places in Russia, in the old days, brides' bridesmaids took place on this holiday. The girls gathered in the meadow and, converging in a circle, slowly moved with songs. Grooms stood around and "looked out" for brides.

Many of the described customs have already disappeared, others have changed beyond recognition; but there are many who still live out their lives with the very appearance with which they were created by the popular imagination in ancient days. Trinity Day during the time of the Moscow tsars of all Russia was accompanied by special solemnity in royal everyday life. The tsar-sovereign "appeared to the people" on this great holiday. The royal exit was furnished according to a special charter. The sovereign was walking in royal attire: he was wearing the “royal paid” (porphyry), the royal “stand caftan”, a crown, barmas, a pectoral cross and a sash; in the hand - the royal staff; on his feet - shoes, strung with pearls and stones. The crowned pilgrim was supported under the arms by two stewards. They were surrounded by a brilliant retinue of boyars dressed in golden feryazi. While the tsar was on his way to mass, the tsar's retinue walked side by side: people of lower ranks were in front, and the boyars and okolnichy were behind the sovereign. The bed-keeper with the solicitors carried “cooking”: a towel, a chair “with a head”, a foot, a “sunshine” - from rain and sun, and everything else that was required for everyday life.

In all the splendor of the royal vestments, the sovereign entered the Assumption Cathedral - accompanied by the boyars and all the people of his neighbors. Ahead of the whole procession, the stolniki carried a bunch of flowers (“broom”) and a “leaf” (woody, without stems) on the carpet. The royal exit was announced by a booming ringing from Ivan the Great "to all the bells with a reut"; the ringing stopped when the sovereign took his royal place. On the steps of this “place”, upholstered in red satin with gold lace, the nearby stolniks supported the sovereign. The dinner was solemn. At the end of it, before the Trinity vespers, the cathedral clerks approached the tsar with the proper throwing of bows and brought him a leaf of wood sent by the patriarch on the carpet. Mixing it with the "sovereign's leaf" and various herbs and flowers, they covered the whole royal place with it and sprinkled it with rose water. With a sheet taken from the sovereign, they went to cover the places of the patriarchal and other spiritual authorities. The rest was distributed to the boyars and other pilgrims throughout the temple. The sovereign knelt down and - as they said at that time - "lyed on a leaf", reverently listening to the words of the prayer. When the Divine service ended, he left the cathedral with the same solemn exit, “appeared to the people”, who greeted him with joyful cries, and - preceded by one of the near stolniks, who carried the “broom” of the sovereigns, returned to his royal chambers. The ringing of the bells did not stop during the whole time of his journey from the cathedral to the palace.

During Trinity Green Week, the princesses with hawthorns had fun in the palace with null round dance games, under the supervision, if not of the bright eyes of the empress queen herself, then of the keen eyes of riding noblewomen and mothers. For games and round dances - both in the tsarina's and in the tsarevna's mansions, special extensive vestibules were set aside. Here were also the “foolish tricksters”, bahari, domrachei and goose with buffoons assigned to the princesses, all those who were supposed to deliver “fun” and “merry undertakings”. The princesses were amused by the hay girls, the "Igres", who - probably - "played" the same Semitsky songs that were heard at that time under the birch trees over the water throughout Russia, which celebrated their ancient games to the glory of the "Honest Semik" and the Trinity - Green Christmas time .

Folk customs and signs on the Trinity

Trinity - Sunday, the fiftieth day after Easter, a feast in honor of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit. Its other names are the Day of the Holy Trinity, the Day of the Descent of the Holy Spirit, Pentecost.
According to the church calendar. The day of the Holy Trinity is also called the day of the descent of the Holy Spirit on the apostles.
Pentecost is the second of the three great holidays of the ancient Jews, established in memory of the giving of the Law to the people at Mount Sinai.

According to legend, on this day the descent of the Holy Spirit on the apostles took place.
The disciples of Jesus then all gathered together. Suddenly there was a noise from the sky, as if from a strong wind. At that moment, tongues appeared and descended on each of the disciples.

And they began to speak in different languages. Multilingualism was sent down so that they could preach the Christian doctrine among various peoples. The Jewish holiday of Pentecost passed into the Christian church.

according to the national calendar. Trinity Day can rightfully be called green Christmas time. On this day, parishioners stood in churches for mass with bouquets of meadow flowers or tree branches, houses were decorated with birch trees. Wild flowers that had been in the church were dried and kept behind icons for various needs: they were placed under fresh hay and in the granary so that mice were not found, in holes in the ridges from shrews and in the attic to put out the fire.
The trees were taken to the village streets in whole wagons and decorated with them not only the doors, but also the jambs of the windows, and especially the church, the floor of which was strewn with fresh grass (everyone, leaving the church, tried to grab it from under his feet in order to mix it with hay, boil it with water and drink as curative). From the leaves of the trees that stood in the church, some wreathed wreaths and put them in pots when growing cabbage seedlings.
Sunday was spent in the forest, around the birch.

In the villages, a loaf was baked in the morning and guests were called, for whom wreaths of flowers and birch had already been woven. And after dinner, the most fun began for the youth. The grandmother called the girls to the grove in the grove, where a tablecloth was spread, on which loaves decorated with flowers were placed. The girls began to dance, and the guys looked for brides in the dances. Trinity loaf, tablecloth and wreaths were of great importance for the future marriage life. A tablecloth was secretly covered with a table under another, upper tablecloth on the bride (she was supposed to chain her betrothed). The loaf was dried in crackers and kept until the wedding. These crackers were then kneaded into a wedding loaf for the happiness and love of the young, and some girls secretly passed the wreath to their beloved as a messenger of the marriage vow. With the help of wreaths, divination was also carried out, which played the same important role in "green Christmas time" as in winter. On Trinity Day, the girls developed birch trees: a wreath is developed - the wish will not come true, the wreath has dried up - wait for changes in life: marriage or (bring it and have mercy!) Death, if the wreath is green - the continuation of girlhood, which, in general, rarely pleased anyone. And in the evening, when the fun gradually subsided, they went to the river and threw wreaths into the slowly darkening spring water. If the wreath floats - this is a favorable sign, if it spun on the spot - the wedding will be upset or disagreements will begin in the family, it will drown - unfortunately: to the death of relatives or betrothed. And if the wreath stays in place, then there will be no wedding this year. After fortune-telling, joyful or sad, they went home. And the next day, on Monday, a new holiday fell - the Day of the Holy Spirit, or Spirits Day, from which, according to popular beliefs, a real warm summer began.

Birch

The birch has become a symbol of the holiday, probably because it was one of the first to dress in bright, elegant greenery. It is no coincidence that there was a belief that it was the birch that had a special growth power and that this power should be used.

Windows, houses, yards, gates were decorated with birch branches, at church services they stood with birch branches, believing that they have healing power. On Trinity Sunday, the birch was destroyed - “buried”, drowned in water or carried out into a grain field, thereby trying to beg the fertility of the earth from higher powers.
Curling a birch is a rite from ancient times. The girls believed that they would bind their thoughts tightly and firmly with the beloved guy.
Or, curling birch branches, they wished their mother a speedy recovery. Birch branches in these days were filled with healing power. An infusion of birch leaves was also considered healing. Birch branches were also used by our ancestors as a talisman against all kinds of unclean spirits. Until now, peasants stick birch branches into the grooves of the corners of a house in the Vologda region so that purity and a healing spirit are transferred to the walls.
After mass, the girls changed their outfit, put fresh birch wreaths intertwined with flowers on their heads, and in such a dress they went into the forest to develop a birch. Arriving there, they stood in a circle near a curled birch, and one of them cut it down and placed it in the middle of the circle. All the girls approached the birch and decorated it with ribbons and flowers. Then a triumphal procession opened: the girls walked in pairs, in front of all one of them carried a birch. In this way they carried the birch around the whole village. On one of the streets they stuck a birch tree into the ground and began to dance around it. The guys joined them. By evening, they removed the ribbons from the tree, broke off a twig, and then pulled the tree out of the ground and dragged it to the river to drown. "Sink, Semik, drown angry husbands!" - and the unfortunate birch swam to where the current of water carried it (Vladimir province).

On this day, the girls parted with a wreath woven in Semik. They threw him into the water and watched. It was bad if the wreath sank: you won’t get married today, and maybe even die. If a wreath sticks to the other side, girlish love will take root, stick to the heart of any guy.

The youth of the Novgorod region performed a ritual adapted specifically to the Trinity, called "shaking gunpowder." During walks in the meadow, among round dances and games of ashes (burners), one of the men tore off the cap from the young spouse, shook it over his head and shouted loudly: “Gunpowder is on the tube, the wife does not love her husband.” The young woman quickly responded to this cry, stood in front of her husband, bowed to his belt, took off the cap, which was placed on his head at the moment of her appearance, took her husband by the ears, kissed him three times and again bowed to him in all four directions. At the same time, the villagers aloud assessed her qualities and started various jokes about her. The young women were usually shy and said: "When they shake gunpowder, it would be better to fall through the ground."

On Trinity, a rite of commemoration of the dead was performed. Only on Trinity were funerals for the dead who had not been buried for a year. So, in times of war, plague, famine, the dead usually fell into a common pit. During the Trinity-Semitsk week, the bodies of the dead were sewn into matting, coffins were made and buried.

Old women on Trinity Day went to the cemetery to sweep with bouquets and birch branches, which they held in their hands, graves, "to clean the eyes of their parents."

Dew was collected on Trinity and used as a powerful cure for ailments and for sowing vegetable seeds.

Folk omens for the Trinity

Rain on Trinity - a lot of mushrooms, to warm weather.

If the birch trees placed on the Trinity to decorate are still fresh after three days, then expect a wet hayfield.

From the Trinity to the Assumption, they don’t dance round dances.

If they marry the Trinity, and marry the Intercession, then the life of these spouses will be long, happy, in love and harmony.

The Monday following Trinity is Spirit Day. They said: "From the Spirit of the day, not from one sky, warmth comes from under the earth."

"The Holy Spirit will come, it will be in the yard, as on a stove."

Russian culture, its traditions and customs are a separate phenomenon of world heritage. Orthodox holidays are closely intertwined with the roots of Russian customs, which are passed down from generation to generation. And signs on the Trinity are always carefully stored and inherited.

Descent of the Holy Spirit

Pentecost, Trinity, the Descent of the Holy Spirit or Holy Trinity Day is one of the main Christian holidays, which is celebrated with a particularly solemn service. Trinity falls on the 50th day after Easter on Sunday. This day is especially revered by the people. The Orthodox are looking forward to it, preparing for the holiday and waiting for a miracle.

The Trinity has long been revered by the ancestors. It was believed that on this holiday the end of hard labor comes and the time comes for the harvest of a generous harvest. It is not surprising that since those ancient times, folk signs on the Trinity have reached the present generation. Directly all the rites were considered especially important - in no case could they be neglected or ignored.

So what was the mystery of the celebration? How amazing were the holy days for a simple Russian person? It is time to get acquainted with several unique customs, traditions and signs associated with the great Orthodox holiday.

Briefly about the holiday

Holy Trinity Day or Green Christmas time is honored in every Orthodox family. One of the most important Christian holidays is celebrated on the 50th day after Easter, which is why it is sometimes also called Pentecost. The Day of the Holy Trinity usually falls on the last days of May or the beginning of June. The end of hard working days and the beginning of a rich harvest are associated with the first summer days.

The Trinity has as many as three big holidays - this is Parental Saturday (the day when the deceased ancestors are commemorated), Trinity Sunday (the most important day of the holiday itself) and Spirits Day (the name speaks for itself - the Day of the Holy Spirit).

Church interpretation of the holiday

Where did the signs and customs for the Trinity come from? This is connected, first of all, with folk observations and interpretation of the holiday. To understand the whole essence of each sign and phenomenon, it is worth paying attention to the religious significance of this day.

After the resurrection of Jesus Christ, those who believed directly in the Lord God himself believed in his power. And by the power of the Spirit only when, on the 50th day after the resurrection of Jesus, the 12 apostles and the Virgin Mary gathered in one room heard loud sounds coming from heaven. After that, each disciple was seized by a flame that penetrated inside and filled the whole being - so the Holy Spirit himself entered into each of them, which gave the apostles great knowledge and the opportunity to preach the word of God in different languages.

The so-called triumph of the Holy Trinity took place - God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit gathered together - witnessed by ordinary Christians.

How is the Trinity celebrated by the people?

There are quite familiar signs and customs for the Trinity, which are revered in every family. To do this, you do not need to go somewhere at midnight, look for healing herbs and look at the stars. Household rituals are also part of the spiritual celebration of the great Christian holiday.

So, for example, on Parental Saturday it is worth visiting the graves of deceased relatives, going to church for a service and lighting candles "for the repose of the soul." On this day, one cannot be sad - it is customary to remember the dead ancestors with a good word, only joyful moments.

In the evening, on the eve of Trinity Sunday, parishioners go to church with large bouquets of birch branches, freshly cut grass and wildflowers. It is believed that consecrated bouquets have healing properties, so the plants are carefully stored throughout the year. With a disease from dried flowers and branches, you can brew teas and healing infusions.

During the Sunday service, parishioners pray to God and ask him to grant the Holy Spirit to the departed ancestors.

Monday - the Day of the Holy Spirit - symbolizes the victory of the Holy Spirit over evil forces. On this day, it is customary to pray for the deceased relatives, to remember them only with good words. On the Day of the Holy Spirit, it is customary to ask God for the repose of souls. After the service, the parishioners, leaving the church, distributed change and treats to the poor, protecting themselves from illness and misfortune.

There are special folk omens for the Trinity. The weather on this day can tell you what the harvest will be like and what to expect from the coming winter. So, for example, it was believed that the earth before the celebration of the Day of the Holy Spirit could reveal its secrets. Therefore, many diligently searched for treasures hidden deep in the bowels of the earth.

Signs on the Trinity for unmarried girls

Pentecost for young girls is one of the most important holidays that can tell their future fate. On this day, beautiful wreaths were woven, lowered into the water and watched how they behave. If a necklace of flowers floated on the water - a favorable sign, if it spun in place - to a single life in the near future. An unfavorable sign if the wreath drowned - this symbolized the death of close relatives or even a betrothed.

Young girls traditionally celebrated this holiday in the forest near the birches. Trinity week is a "mermaid" game. At this time, one should not enter the water - it was believed that the mermaid could be pulled into her pool. It was possible to protect themselves from them only with the help of wormwood.

Among other folk signs for the Trinity, the traditional symbolism of this holiday should be noted. Birch is a symbol of rebirth and youth. This tree at Christmas time became especially revered. Birch branches decorated housing and fences, the entrance to the house and the yard, as well as corners in sheds where pets lived. The branches were taken out into the field to beg for a rich harvest from the ancestors.

Among the traditions and signs for the Trinity for unmarried girls, it is worth noting the custom of weaving wreaths from birch branches. It was believed that in this way the girl weaves her thoughts with the thoughts of a young man.

But grandmothers went to the graves of their ancestors in order to cover the "eyes" of their parents and other relatives - they swept the graves of the dead with birch branches.

Traditions and customs

Holy Trinity Day is a special holiday in which people are used to performing a lot of rituals. At the same time, they are interpreted and perceived as customs, and not as superstitions. This is exactly the case when all signs and beliefs have an exceptionally reasonable value. Therefore, it can be argued that folk signs on the Trinity are distinguished by a deep meaning.

There are things that just need to be done on this holiday. And there are things that are extremely undesirable in the first summer days. It is worth noting that the very celebration of the Trinity itself has pagan roots. Of course, the church is against such beliefs, but it is difficult to convince the people about what was passed on to them along with mother's milk.

Signs for single girls and guys

Children from a very early age are taught to honor Christian holidays and folk traditions. The younger generation is closely following what is done on the Trinity. Signs help to predict the future on the eve of a great holiday. Over time, young girls and boys themselves begin to take part in the rituals.

Wreaths have already been mentioned. It remains only to repeat the symbolism:

  • If the wreath floats on water, there will be happiness.
  • If washed ashore - a new love.
  • If it stands still, the next year will pass without changes.
  • If drowned - be in trouble.

Signs and superstitions on the Trinity are passed down from generation to generation. So, grandmothers often cover a new tablecloth for a holiday - it was believed that the fabric absorbs great power, which helps to attract enviable suitors. All kinds of pastries were baked for the Holy Holiday - their remains were not thrown away, but kept for the happiness of the future family.

Weddings cannot be played on Holy Trinity Day - it is believed that the life of the newlyweds will not be enviable. But matchmaking on this day will be favorable - the life of a new family will be long and happy. After the matchmaking for Trinity, it was customary to marry Pokrova.

Signs on the Trinity: what not to do?

There are some things that are highly recommended not to do on this day. Failure to comply with the prohibitions can anger the spirits of deceased relatives who wander among living people on this day. On the Day of the Holy Trinity, in no case should you work, do needlework and homework. Loaves, bread and buns were baked on the eve of the holiday. On Trinity it was impossible to dig in the garden and plant beds. Also on this day it was strictly forbidden to swim - just remember the story about mermaids. By the way, about them. It is believed that the mermaid is the soul of a baby girl who died before baptism. A young drowned girl who did not have time to get married could also become an inhabitant of the waters.

What are the signs of the Trinity? What can not be done on this holiday? According to tradition, on Sunday you should go to the graves of your ancestors. If this prohibition is violated, the deceased relatives may become angry and take someone from the living.

Holiday Dinner Traditions

As mentioned above, bread and all kinds of pastries were made on the eve of the holiday. Folk signs on the Trinity say that only the closest people should gather at the table on this day. You should not invite enemies and unwanted people - this holiday should remain clean and joyful.

Traditionally, the table was covered with a festive green tablecloth, which was then carefully stored to attract enviable suitors. Among the variety of dishes on the table, there must be bread and any other home-made pastries. The tastier and more varied it is, the brighter and happier life will be in the coming year.

Young families should pay attention to this tradition. Baking loaves and bread on Saturday, on the eve of the great Orthodox holiday, can become a good family tradition in which everyone can take part. Folk signs on the Trinity say that the festive table should not be complete without chicken eggs. In principle, the festive table on this day should be abundant - various vegetables and fruits, sweet pastries, loaves and bread, fish and meat dishes, as well as sweets and drinks - everything should indicate well-being and prosperity.

Holy feast in modern times

Signs and traditions for the Trinity are well known to residents of villages and small towns. Unfortunately, with the growth of urbanization, the townspeople simply began to forget the bright holiday and everything connected with it. But in vain - even the very performance of rituals carries great emotional power, which will allow you to receive a charge of positive energy.

The villagers on the Trinity prepare brooms for the bath. You can not break young trees and pluck the upper branches - you can only side shoots so as not to destroy the tree. It is believed that on this day all plants enhance their healing properties. That is why knowledgeable people collect medicinal herbs, leaves and shoots the day before. Among the many signs and superstitions on the Trinity, one more should be noted that will be of interest to young girls - if you collect thyme on the eve of the holiday, weave a small broom out of it and sew it into a pillow, life will be long and happy, and the long-awaited chosen one is about to appear on the horizon .

Divination for the Trinity

The Church in every possible way denies such events, but you really want to know your fate and at least look into the near future with at least one eye. That is why, among all the variety of signs, there are certain rituals that help to lift the veil of secrecy.

What do they do on Trinity? Signs suggest how to recognize your chosen one and make life with him long and happy. First of all, it should be understood that all fortune-telling should be done only with pure and bright thoughts. On this day, nature reveals its secrets, shares mystical knowledge and helps people. Grandmothers and mothers put birch branches under the pillow for young girls. It was believed that the image of a man in a dream is the future chosen one.

What else is special about the Trinity? Signs of wealth - that's what interested many villagers and villagers. There was such a custom - a woman (maybe even a married one) approached a birch and, without looking, tore off a branch. If it was smooth and even, the year will be successful and fruitful. Otherwise, expect trouble and trouble.

Weather for the whole year

During the entire celebration of the Trinity, older people closely followed the weather - it is believed that Green Christmastide was a kind of barometer for the whole year. Signs on the Trinity and the weather:

  • It was impossible to harvest birch brooms if it was raining.
  • For a better harvest of cabbage, one should put its leaves in birch twigs brought from the temple after the service.
  • A good harvest of mushrooms promises rain on Trinity Sunday.

Trinity is a great and bright Orthodox holiday, which has great mystical power. If you behave correctly on this day, observe all traditions and rituals, and also carefully follow the signs, you can feel how happiness literally knocks on the house. Bright thoughts and good thoughts, gratitude for every day lived and generosity - this is the key to a real holiday that will be preserved in every family.

Traditions and customs on the Trinity are inherited for many centuries. Believing guys and girls carefully store this knowledge, using signs, divination and special rituals that help solve some issues or tell fate. This legacy is called the wisdom of the people, their culture, which must not be lost. If a person is looking for solutions to some problems, wants to look into the future, or simply celebrate the Trinity in accordance with all the rules, as our ancestors did, it is worth starting with the history of this celebration.

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    history of the holiday

    Trinity is traditionally celebrated on the fiftieth day after Easter. That is why the holiday is also called "Pentecost", and its date changes every year. After the crucifixion of Christ, the Holy Spirit descended on the apostles, and it is the Trinity that is the memorable day of this event. From this date, the true Christian faith begins, so its importance for the believer cannot be overestimated. In 2018, Pentecost is celebrated on May 27th.

    The feast was established by the apostles, who celebrated it annually, commanding all Christians to do the same. According to historians, this holiday was officially established only at the end of the 4th century, at the same time that the doctrine of the Trinity was written down. Since then, Orthodox believers have celebrated every year the confirmation that God is one and three at the same time.

    The evening service on Pentecost is similar to other sacred holidays, but all churches are now decorated with greenery, tree branches. Churches are especially often decorated with birches. Another symbol of the Trinity is fire, because it was in this form that Christ descended on the apostles.

    Signs

    The signs and traditions of the Trinity are full of superstition: and not in vain, because they were formed on the observations and wisdom of the people for many years. There are many different signs that speak of the weather and harvest for the whole year.

    On this sacred holiday and in modern times, one can learn something about the future based on a variety of little things.

    Weather

    The weather is very important on Trinity Day: it is she who will tell you throughout the year, warning what people should expect and what calculations to make for the winter.

    It could mean both happiness in the year and problems that you should pay attention to in time:

    • If it rains on Trinity, a warm long summer is expected, a good harvest and a lot of mushrooms.
    • If it is hot on this day, the year will be lean, and the summer will be dry.
    • The coolness on Trinity Day marked the warmth for the next holiday - Spirits Day, because according to popular belief, heat still comes from the earth.

    Love

    It is very interesting for young unmarried girls to know their fate, especially in love.

    That is why there are a lot of such signs, traditions and fortune-telling that help to at least slightly open the veil of secrecy and make the right choice:

    • An unmarried girl who goes out to gather herbs and hears the cuckoo singing may ask when she will get married. How many times a bird crows, so much to wait for courtship from a betrothed.
    • The marriage proposal made on Pentecost, and then the wedding on the Pokrov, guarantee a long and happy family life for the spouses.
    • If a guy kisses a girl on this holiday under a birch, then she will become his wife.

    Traditions and rituals

    At all times, the people organized large festivities on the Trinity, during which the young people led round dances, sang, danced, arranged feasts and just had fun.

    There are some traditions that help to find happiness on this holiday, but there are things that cannot be done at all. They concern everything: health, love, home furnishings. The symbols of the holiday are birch and green. The branches of this tree decorate the house, using them as a talisman, and green robes are worn on the Trinity and priests conducting services in temples.

    Traditions:

    • On this holy date, regardless of weather conditions, it is necessary to come to the cemetery and cover the graves, preferably with a birch broom. Our ancestors believed that this is an effective way to get rid of evil spirits in the house.
    • Picking up herbs is considered an important custom on the holiday. On this day they have magic power, they need to be dried and used if someone gets sick.
    • The Saturday before the feast is a memorial day. You need to go to church and light a candle for the repose of the deceased relatives, visit the cemetery, visit the dead.
    • The house for the holiday is traditionally decorated with birch twigs - a symbol of the holy triumph. It is believed that because of this, the year will be fruitful and prosperous, and the tree itself symbolizes the rapid and harmonious growth of everything: children will be healthy and happy, married life is long and stable, there will be prosperity in everything. Before you decorate your home, you need to walk around the rooms and pat on all things and surfaces with a sprinkled birch twig.
    • Girls wash themselves with morning dew to preserve their youth, beauty and health. The dew was collected with a towel, squeezing it into a container.
    • To ask the earth for fertility for a year, you need to consecrate birch branches and bury them in the field. In the modern world, this tradition is followed a little differently: they put a branch of a consecrated tree at the bottom of a flower pot when they transplant it.

    Holiday dinner

    The feast on the day of Pentecost is a very important tradition. You can not invite people who are unpleasant or unkind to you. The tablecloth on the table should be green - this is a special, symbolic color on this holiday.

    It is desirable that among the dishes there are a lot of pastries that the hostess should bake herself. Eggs are also an essential part of the Trinity dinner. The menu for the celebration should be generous: meat, fruits, vegetables. It is believed that then the year will be rich and happy, and nature will give doubly wealth.

    Conspiracies for the Trinity

    Conspiracies on Pentecost have greater magical power than on any other day or holiday. They were composed for centuries by the wisest people of the people, so there is no doubt in their effectiveness.

    Spells are simple or, conversely, difficult to pronounce and complex, but more effective.

    Conspiracy for good luck and success in business

    Such a ceremony brought good luck to its performer in a variety of matters and was always carried out at dawn, on the morning of the Trinity, on the street. At the same time, the following words were spoken:

    “I will rise, having prayed, I will go out, crossing myself, I will ascend a high mountain, I will look around on all four sides. As on the eastern side, in a green meadow, a black horse grazes, restlessly wild and violent. No one saddled him, no one rode him, that horse did not know stirrups-reins. I will tame that horse, and he will walk obediently under me, carry me where I want. My will is strong, my word is true. Amen".

    Another slander for good luck serves rather as a talisman for the reader for the whole year. He has very great power. It is necessary to go to the forest or park the day before the holiday and find a broken branch there. After bringing it home, and on Trinity Day at dawn, light a church candle, break the branch into three parts and whisper to each:

    “I conjure the Holy Trinity to help me in my affairs, to direct the power of Heaven to overcome obstacles and achieve goals. As this branch was one and became three times, so my strength will be increased three times. May luck smile on me, and my life will turn out differently. May it be as I said. Amen".

    Then you need to tie the branches with green ribbon three times and leave them at home until Easter. After 3 days after it, throw them into the river.

    For cooking

    There are many rituals and corruption that can bring illness to the family. Our ancestors used such a conspiracy to protect themselves from this.

    It is necessary to knead the dough and make cakes. You need such an amount of mass that only your relatives could feed them. On each one should draw a cross and read the following prayer:

    “I renounce the sign of the cross, bread given by God, from the deeds and illnesses of sorcerers of all stripes from all volosts. How will this cake be digested in me, into a city, but it will turn, so no matter what the sorcerer starts against my family, it would turn into a city for him.

    After the baking is ready - feed it to all household members.

    divination

    Everyone wants to know the future, especially unmarried girls and single guys.

    Divination for the Trinity is very common, because this day is a sacred folk holiday, when all signs are considered magical, having their own power.

    Divination examples:

    1. 1. One of the most popular Trinity divination is wreath weaving. Only unmarried girls do this to attract strong love into their lives. The girls spent the whole day picking wild flowers, making wreaths out of them, and then letting them go down the river. If the wreath sinks, this is a bad sign; float or wash ashore - it means that love will soon appear in fate. A still unmarried girl, but already having a chosen one, should secretly give her wreath to a guy to consecrate their union. Such a wreath is a powerful amulet that he must keep in his home.
    2. 2. Another interesting rite that calls for love is the curling of a birch. The young ladies went into the forest and decorated the birches with beads, ribbons and wreaths. They loved to dance round the trees, calling for happiness.
    3. 3. A very popular divination, always performed at night: a girl puts birch branches under her pillow before going to bed. The guy who dreams about this night is the betrothed.
    4. 4. Another simple way of divination for the Trinity: along a birch branch. It can also be done by adult married women: you need to go to the birch and pick a branch without looking, and then carefully examine it. If the branch is even and smooth, the year will be happy; turns out to be a curve full of irregularities - difficulties are expected.

    The guys that day were guessing on the links of the chain. For this rite, you need to take a chain, make a wish and count how many links are in it.

Trinity - one of the main Christian holidays, is celebrated on the fiftieth day after Easter, therefore it is also called Pentecost. In this holiday, in addition to directly Orthodox traditions, there are also features of ancient pagan rites. The official church, of course, has always protested against such heresy, but such dualism is not uncommon among the Russian people.

The peasants celebrated the Trinity noisily, cheerfully. It was a special holiday for farmers, the time when the sowing season is already over, preparations are underway for haymaking and the first harvest, and therefore a few free days without hard work should have been celebrated. Many signs and rituals are associated with the Trinity among the people.

Signs on the Trinity

Trinity always took place at the beginning of summer. For the peasants, this time was very important: good rain guaranteed thick grass, which means excellent haymaking, moist, nutritious land, which means a good harvest. Therefore, the signs on the Trinity were treated very carefully, passing them on in the family from adults to children.

One of the most ancient signs is the custom to bring to the church for consecration, and then hide in the house behind the frame or later behind the icon bunches of “tearful” herbs - grass that was specially mourned, since tears symbolized rain. Thus, people begged from nature, and later from God, a good summer without drought, with rains and a rich harvest from the earth saturated with moisture.

Birch twigs inserted behind window frames, architraves, shutters, green grass scattered around the room also symbolized a good harvest summer, because it was like that in every village house.

Any peasant labor for the Trinity was condemned in the village: neither in the field nor in the house it was possible to do business, except for cooking. It was also impossible to swim, because this time is the time of mermaids, when mermaids can lure to their bottom.

The day before Trinity, on parental Saturday, everyone went to the cemetery - to commemorate relatives, if someone did not get on that day, it was believed that he called the dead to him, and they, in turn, would take someone away from home (then have a relative die). Therefore, before the Trinity, they left a memorial dinner, and hung out the clothes of the dead on the fence - and remember, and postpone death, drive away.

It was on Trinity that old women went to the cemetery to sweep the graves with birch brooms - it was believed that evil spirits recede at the same time, and the dead rejoice and promote peace, harmony and wealth in the whole village.

Marriage was a good omen. It was believed that if they get married to the Trinity, and they get married to the Intercession, then the life of these spouses will be long, happy, in love and harmony.

Of the agricultural signs, one can note the well-known "rain" ones: rain on the Trinity - for the harvest, for mushrooms, for warm weather, without frost.

And the next day after the Trinity - Spirits day. The earth was considered a birthday girl, they also didn’t work on it, and in the morning they went in search of treasures, because on their name days the earth will surely reveal something valuable to a good person.

Divination for the Trinity

The Church rejected all sorts of fortune-telling, but it just so happened among the people that between Christmas and Epiphany, the big Christian holidays, there was a long period of Christmas time - the time of fortune-telling, and on the Trinity, during the mermaids, the girls guessed at fate, at the betrothed, with trepidation they waited for matchmakers .

The most common fortune-telling is the "curling" of a birch and the weaving of wreaths. On the eve of Trinity, the girls went into the forest, tilted the tops of young birch trees and wove a wreath from twigs - they “curled” if, upon arrival at Trinity to her birch, the girl saw that she had developed or wilted - you won’t have to wait for a good one. If it remains the same, there will be a wedding, and a beloved betrothed, and wealth in the house.

Weaving wreaths is also a custom for the Trinity. The girls in the company wove, the men were not allowed to see them, if the guy saw someone's wreath, it was a bad omen, the "evil eye" of the girl. Wreaths were woven directly to the Trinity and went with them to the river. There they launched: where he swam - from there the groom will be, stayed by the shore - the girl will not marry, well, if she drowned - she will die this year. Moreover, the wreaths were not removed from the head with their hands, but bent so that they themselves fell into the water.

In order for the betrothed to dream, they put birch twigs under the pillow.

Conspiracies for the Trinity

The culture of a Russian person is rich - with his right hand he prayed to God in the church on Trinity, and at that time he could hold a bunch of grass with his left hand. Then, leaving the church, bow to the four corners of the world, weave at home from this bunch of wreaths, speak the cherished words on it and put behind the icon - for a happy and rich year, until the next Trinity. So, both Christian and pagan views of the Russian people merged into one. And there was no contradiction here, everything is harmonious and harmonious.

Even food for the Trinity was sometimes prepared with a conspiracy and in a special way. In the pre-Christian world, everything round was valued - pancakes for Maslenitsa - the same tradition, since the circle is a symbol of the sun. So on Trinity they baked a round loaf and made fried eggs in a frying pan of two eggs.

A round scrambled egg is both a symbol of the sun and a friendly married couple, "without corners", that is, without quarrels and disagreements. While the scrambled eggs were baking, the hostess would surely say cherished words over her, salted them with Thursday salt, and did not tear the greens, but spread them with twigs and onion feathers, which also meant unity and a strong bond between husband and wife. The husband himself did not participate in this, but waited for the wife to perform all the sacraments, put the scrambled eggs on the rye loaf and go with her husband to the grove, to the birch tree, pre-decorated with bright shreds - to celebrate the Trinity and eat together the charmed food - a talisman from all evil.

For a love spell on a loved one, they take the grass consecrated in the church, weave it into a wreath and put it under the pillow, while saying:

“I go to bed without praying and without crossing myself, Lord, forgive me, Christ. I put a wreath of holy herbs under my head. As these herbs twisted and intertwined into a wreath, so let the servant of God (name) around me, the slaves (name), twist and twist, as the wreath will wither and dry, so let it dry and grieve for me, God's servant (name), food is not seizes, does not drink with drink, does not go on a spree; at a feast, he or at a conversation, in a field or in a house - I would not go out of his mind-mind. Be my words strong and molding, stronger than stone and damask steel, a sharp knife and a greyhound spear. And the key to my words and affirmation, and the fortress is strong, and the strength is strong in the heavenly heights, and the castle is in the depths of the sea. Now and forever and forever and ever. Amen."

A conspiracy for good luck, for success in business, was always made at dawn on the street in the morning of the Trinity:

“I will rise, having prayed, I will go out, crossing myself, I will ascend a high mountain, I will look around on all four sides. As on the eastern side, in a green meadow, a black horse grazes, restlessly wild and violent. No one saddled him, no one rode him, that horse did not know the stirrups-reins. I will tame that horse, and he will walk obediently under me, carry me where I want. My will is strong, my word is true. Amen."


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