Presentation "Heroes of the Fatherland" on history - project, report. Presentation "Heroes of the Fatherland"

Presentation "Heroes of the Fatherland" on history - project, report. Presentation "Heroes of the Fatherland"

Class hour Heroes of the Fatherland Day

Hero - a person who performs feats, unusual in his courage, valor, selflessness

Fatherland - the country where a person was born and to whose citizens he belongs.

From the history of the holiday On December 9, 1769, Catherine II established the highest military award in Russia - the Order of St. George. The order became a sign of personal prowess on the battlefield.

STATE AWARDS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Gold Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union

Gold Star of the Hero of Socialist Labor

Hero Russian Federation the highest special rank in the Russian Federation. Awarded for accomplishing an exceptional feat. The title is the highest state award in Russia.

The title was established by the Law of the Russian Federation "On the Establishment of the Title of Hero of the Russian Federation and the Establishment of a Sign of Special Distinction - the Gold Star Medal" dated March 20, 1992 and put into effect on the same day in accordance with the decision of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation. The title of Hero of the Russian Federation is awarded once by the President of the Russian Federation.

Statistics In the post-war period (since March 1948) the title of Hero was received by: 491 / 69 (posthumously) + 13 cities Aircraft testing 122/9 (posthumously) Fighting in Afghanistan 85/28 (posthumously). Space exploration 84/2 (posthumous) Heroes of submariners and divers 55/1 (posthumous) Events in Hungary 26/14 (posthumous) War in Korea 22/1 (posthumous) Polar exploration 21 Leadership of troops 17 + 3 twice Hero + 1 three times Hero Anniversaries 17 + 7 twice Heroes + 1 three times Hero + 2 four times Hero Leaders of friendly countries 6 Fight against terrorism 9/3 (posthumous) Protection of the state border 7/4 (posthumous) Foreign intelligence 6/2 (posthumous) Liquidation of Chernobyl 6/2 (posthumous) ) Liquidation of the coup of 1991 4/3 (posthumously) War in Egypt 2 Mastering of aircraft 2

Most of the awarded are participants of the I and II Chechen wars

Dorofeev Dmitry Yurievich 12. 10. 1974 - 26. 9. 2002 Hero of Russia

Igitov Yuri Sergeevich 26. 9. 1973 - 31. 12. 1994 Hero of Russia

Yanina Irina Yurievna 27. 11. 1966 - 31. 8. 1999 Hero of Russia

Turkin Andrey Alekseevich 21. 10. 1975 - 03. 09. 2004 Hero of Russia

Kadyrov Akhmat Abdulkhamidovich 23. 8. 1951 - 9. 5. 2004 Hero of Russia

Shoigu Sergey Kuzhugetovich 21. 5. 1955 Hero of Russia

Among those awarded the title of Hero of Russia are people of peaceful professions

Egorova Lyubov Ivanovna 0 5. 05. 1966 Hero of Russia

Karelin Alexander Alexandrovich 09/19/1967 Hero of Russia

For courage and heroism shown during space flights, 32 cosmonauts received the title of Hero of Russia

Kononenko Oleg Dmitrievich June 21, 1964 Hero of Russia

You can't understand Russia with your mind, You can't measure it with a common yardstick, It has a special way to become, You just have to believe in Russia. (F.I. Tyutchev).

Thank you very much for your work and attention!


Class hour for the Day of Heroes of the Fatherland


Who do we call heroes?

  • A hero is a person who has committed or is performing noble deeds associated with a risk to his life.
  • “Are there heroes in today's Russia?”
  • Heroes exist wherever there is a person - just as scum, cowards and scoundrels exist next to heroes. Two sides of the same coin.

  • According to the Federal Law of the Russian Federation No. 22 of February 28, 2007 “On Amending Article 1-1 of the Federal Law “On the Days of Military Glory and Commemorative Dates of Russia”, an addition was made that “The following memorable dates for Russia are established in the Russian Federation:
  • December 9 - Day of Heroes of the Fatherland









  • The first award went to Catherine herself as the founder of the order, the second - to her favorite Field Marshal G.A. Potemkin, who managed to reorganize the Russian army as soon as possible.
  • It was extremely difficult to earn the Order of St. George in a combat situation. For example, in the first hundred years of the existence of this award, the order of the fourth degree for bravery in battle was received by 2239 people, the third degree - 512, the 2nd - 100 and the first - only 20.
  • In the entire history of Russia, only four people have become full Knights of St. George: M.I. Golenishchev-Kutuzov, M.B. Barclay de Tolly, I.F. Paskevich and I.I. Dibich-Zabalkansky.


M.I.Kutuzov

  • Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov (1745 - 1813), Field Marshal General, His Grace Prince Smolensky - was the first to be awarded all the degrees of the military order of St. George. This illustrious Russian commander, all his life, his entire combat path from ensign to field marshal, went along with the Russian army. The troops under his command took part in all the wars waged by Russia in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

M.B. Barclay de Tolly

Mikhail Bogdanovich Barclay de Tolly - prince, Russian commander. He has been in military service since 1776. Participated in the Russian-Turkish war of 1887-1891, the war with France of 1805-1807, the Russian-Swedish war of 1808-1809, for military merit in which he was promoted to the rank of general.


Ivan Fyodorovich Paskevich

Ivan Fyodorovich Paskevich- Russian commander and statesman, Field Marshal General. One of the four full holders of the Order of St. George. Member of the Russian-Turkish war of 1806-1812, Patriotic war of 1812


Ivan Ivanovich Dibich-Zabalkansky

  • Ivan Ivanovich Dibich-Zabalkansky- Russian commander Prussian origin, field marshal general. Fourth and last full cavalier Order of St. George. Member of the Turkish war and the Polish company.



On December 9, Heroes of the Soviet Union, Heroes of the Russian Federation, holders of the Order of St. George and the Order of Glory are honored.

St. George Order

Order of Glory

Golden Star

Hero of Russia


  • The memorable date "Heroes of the Fatherland Day" was established by the State Duma of the Russian Federation on January 26, 2007, when Russian parliamentarians adopted the corresponding bill in the first reading. The explanatory note to the document stated the following: "We not only pay tribute to the memory of heroic ancestors, but also honor the living Heroes of the Soviet Union, Heroes of the Russian Federation, holders of the Order of St. George and the Order of Glory." In the same place, the authors of the bill expressed the hope that a new memorable date for Russia would contribute to "the formation in society of the ideals of selfless and disinterested service to the Fatherland."
  • On February 21, 2007, the deputies' initiative was approved by the Federation Council.

In the Soviet Union, heroes were awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union

B. Gromov

GK Zhukov

Rokossovsky

M. Jalil



In Russia, the title Hero of Russia is awarded

1992 - 10 people 1993 - 55 people

1994 - 39 people 1995 - 146 people

1996 - 128 people 1997 - 49 people

1998 - 46 people 1999 - 68 people

year 2000 - 176 people year 2001 - 28 people

2002 - 31 people 2003 - 32 people

2004 - 35 people 2005 year - 23 people

2006 - 15 people 2007 - 16 people

2008 - 41 people year 2009 - 20 people

2010 - 18 people 2011 - 10 people

year 2012 - 16 people year 2013 - 7 people

year 2014 - 7 people

In Russia, the title Hero of Russia is awarded

In Russia, the title Hero of Russia is awarded


The hero of the USSR

The hero of the USSR

Akim Ivanovich Inozemtsev



The hero of the USSR

Akim grew up as a lively and agile boy, was hardworking, had a good memory, was fond of music and drawing. Due to difficult family conditions, he went to school only from the age of 12, but he studied well, thanks to his excellent abilities. In 1936, A. Inozemtsev graduated from the 7th grade of the Nizhne-Chulym school. From 1937 to 1938 he studied at the one-year pedagogical courses for teachers at the Tomsk Pedagogical College, after graduation he became a teacher at Novoshcherbakovskaya, and then at Ryazhskaya primary schools district.


The hero of the USSR

On February 10, 1940, Akim Ivanovich was drafted into the Red Army and sent to a one-year command course. With the rank of junior lieutenant, he was seconded to the Transcaucasus. He took part in the battles with the Nazi invaders in the Kuban, in the battle for the Don, in the liberation of Ukraine and Crimea.

Inozemtsev showed special courage and heroism in battles on the Crimean land. On September 25, 1943, the company of Senior Lieutenant Inozemtsev got close to the height of the Seven Brat Kurgan. The enemy fortified strongly: barbed wire, mines, fields, continuous lines of trenches and communications, bunkers, well-organized artillery and mortar fire. But after a powerful artillery preparation, weaknesses appeared in its defense, which the attackers took advantage of.


The hero of the USSR

Company commander A. Inozemtsev was one of the first to break into Kurgan. He was seriously wounded, but he flatly refused to evacuate to the rear. He continued to command the unit, sending orders through messengers. At the bunker, Akim destroyed three Nazis with a grenade. And even after a secondary wound, he did not leave the battlefield. Bleeding, he still found the strength in himself to lead the fighting.

The enemy could not withstand the rapid assault and abandoned their positions, left the height. Thus, the breakthrough of the heavily fortified defensive line on the Seven Bratny mountain mound was completed. The division introduced fresh forces into the breakthrough, developed the offensive, and quickly moved forward.


The hero of the USSR

For an unprecedented feat in this battle, senior lieutenant, commander of the 4th rifle company, 1161st rifle regiment, 351st rifle division, 9th army Akim Ivanovich Inozemtsev was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of May 16, 1944 with the award of the Order of Lenin and the Gold Star medal.


The hero of the USSR

Union Copy

Soviet

Socialist PRESIDIUM OF THE SUPREME COUNCIL Republics USSR

Hero of the Soviet Union

Tov. INOSEMTSEV

TO AKIM IVANOVICH

For your heroic feat, shown in the performance of combat missions of the command, on the front of the fight against the German invaders, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, by its decree of May 16, 1944, awarded you the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.


The hero of the USSR

In addition to these awards, Akim Ivanovich was awarded the Order of the Red Star on June 6, 1943 and by order of the commander of the 51st Army on May 18, 1944 - the Order of the Red Banner posthumously.


The hero of the USSR

Akim Ivanovich Inozemtsev died on April 48, 1944, without receiving heroic awards. He was buried in the village of Verkhniy Chorgun (now the village of Chernorechenskoye) of the Balaklava district (within the city - the hero of Sevastopol), Crimean region.


The hero of the USSR

Countrymen highly honor the memory of the Hero of the Soviet Union. By the decision of the executive committee of the district Council of People's Deputies of May 13, 1965, the Nizhne-Chulym secondary school was named after A.I. Inozemtsev, and Mostovaya Street in the river. The village of Zdvinsk was renamed Inozemtseva Street.


The hero of the USSR

The name of the hero - a fellow countryman forever in the memory of the people, the pages of the book by S.F. Starostin "Return to Memory", published in 2001 in our area, are dedicated to his unparalleled feat, N. Starostin composed a song about him:


The hero of the USSR

Song about Hero A.I. Inozemtsevo

During the harsh years of the Great War

Darkness has fallen over the Motherland.

The people rose to defend the country,

A Siberian went to war.

State enlisted in the rifle battalion

Chulym Akim Inozemtsev.

He was a school teacher before the service,

He hated the enemy with all his heart.

From the Volga to the Crimea through the roar and smoke

In campaigns and harsh battles

Fearless fighter of foreigners Akim

He commanded a rifle company.

In the village of Chorgun, a barrier was strengthened

Fascist unfinished gangs.

And the battalion went on the attack,

Towards - a hurricane of fire.

From fiery explosions the earth hummed,

At least she's stronger than a human.

Moaned dear, as if praying

Soldier about the extension of the century.


The hero of the USSR

The attack died down under a barrage of fire:

“Yes, what is it, brothers!” -

Inozemtsev cried out: “Listen to me!

Forward! For the country, for Russia!”

My fatherland, we will stand up for you

And we will not regret life.

It's better to burn a fire for freedom,

Why smolder in vain!

Forward to the enemy! And rushed after him

Volcanic avalanche infantry...

Struck, fell Foreigner Akim,

Our commander died heroically.

They returned with victory, defeated fascism,

The country is flourishing more and more.

But remember, comrade, about those who gave their lives

For our bright happiness!


Heroes can become not only in war but also in ordinary life, those who have accomplished a feat

  • Give examples of heroic deeds that are performed in ordinary life.
  • What heroes - countrymen do you know? What act did they do?

IT IS IMPOSSIBLE TO LEARN TO LOVE THE LIVING,

IF YOU CAN'T KEEP THE MEMORY OF THE FALLEN. . .

slide 2

December 9 is the Day of Heroes of the Fatherland

On this day, Heroes of the Soviet Union, Heroes of the Russian Federation, holders of the Order of St. George and the Order of Glory are honored.

slide 3

This date was established in 2007 and timed to coincide with the events of the reign of Catherine II. The Empress in 1769 established the Order of St. George the Victorious. This order was awarded to soldiers who showed valor, courage and courage.

slide 4

George the Victorious

  • The symbol of the order - a rider sitting on a white horse, striking a dragon with a spear - personified the courage of a warrior capable of defending his land from enemies.
  • George the Victorious is one of the most popular Christian saints.
  • slide 5

    Catherine II honored herself with this award in honor of the establishment of the Order of St. George the Victorious

    slide 6

    The full name of the order is the Imperial Military Order of the Holy Great Martyr and Victorious George.
    The order had 4 degrees of distinction, of which the first was the highest.

    Slide 7

    Motto of the Order: "For Service and Bravery"

    The order consists of signs: a golden cross, a ribbon and a four-pointed star.
    The order was worn by:

    • I degree - a cross on a ribbon 10 cm wide, over the right shoulder, a star on the left side of the chest.
    • II degree - a cross on the neck on a ribbon 5 cm wide, a star on the left side of the chest.
    • III degree - a cross on the neck on a ribbon 3.2 cm wide.
    • IV degree - a cross on the chest on a ribbon 2.2 cm wide.
  • Slide 8

    generals

    Full cavaliers of the order, that is, having all four degrees, are four outstanding Russian commanders:

    • Prince, Field Marshal M. I. Golenishchev-Kutuzov-Smolensky;
    • Prince, Field Marshal M. B. Barclay de Tolly;
    • Count, Field Marshal I. F. Paskevich-Erivan Prince of Warsaw;
    • Count, Field Marshal I. I. Dibich-Zabalkansky.
  • Slide 9

    Kutuzov

    Mikhail Illarionovich Golenishchev-Kutuzov, First Full Knight of the Order of St. George. Russian commander, Field Marshal General, His Holiness Prince, Hero of the Patriotic War of 1812.

    Slide 10

    Barclay de Tolly

    Mikhail Bogdanovich Barclay de Tolly Full Cavalier of the Order of St. George Outstanding Russian commander, Field Marshal General, Minister of War, Prince, Hero of the Patriotic War of 1812.

    slide 11

    Order of Glory

    The heroism of the Soviet people in the battles with the Nazis turned out to be massive. There was a need to establish a new award. This order was approved on 11/08/1943. According to the statute, they were awarded to privates and sergeants of the Red Army for personal exploits on the battlefield.

    slide 12

    • Order of Glory, 1st class.
    • Order of Glory II degree.
    • Order of Glory III degree.

    The badge of the order of the 1st degree was made of gold.
    Badges II and III degree - made of silver.
    The circle depicting the Kremlin with the Spasskaya Tower is gilded.

    slide 13

    Full Cavalier of the Order of Glory

    Senior Sergeant K. Shevchenko and Corporal M. Pitenin became the first full cavaliers of this award. Slide 16

    There is the highest happiness in the world
    Keeping love and hope
    Leave your mark on the planet
    For the coming day.
    (Kirimize Jeanne)

    we pay tribute,

    respect and memory to all,

    accomplished feats

    for the glory of the Motherland.

    View all slides

    Presentation for the class hour dedicated to the Day of Heroes of the Fatherland. The presentation addresses the following questions: who is a hero, the history of the holiday Heroes of the Fatherland Day, the heroes of the past and present. Presentation for students in grades 5-9.

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    Preview:

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    Slides captions:

    Day of Heroes of the Fatherland Completed by: Shadrina N.N. MAOU secondary school №67, Yekaterinburg

    December 9 - Heroes of the Fatherland Day December 9 According to the Federal Law of the Russian Federation No. 22 of February 28, 2007 “On Amending Article 1-1 of the Federal Law “On the Days of Military Glory and Commemorative Dates of Russia”, an addition was made that “ The following memorable dates of Russia are established in the Russian Federation: December 9 - Heroes of the Fatherland Day

    Who are the heroes? A hero is a person who has committed or is performing noble deeds associated with a risk to his life. “Are there heroes in today's Russia?” Heroes exist wherever there is a person.

    History of the holiday In 2007, the holiday of the Heroes of the Fatherland was only restored.

    On December 9, 1769, Empress Catherine II approved a new state award. She became the Order of St. George the Victorious. This order was awarded only to people who showed exceptional courage and valor on the battle fronts. December 9, 1917 in Russia began to celebrate the feast of the Knights of St. George. However, after the Great October Revolution, this celebration was removed altogether.

    Heroes of the Fatherland: past and present Heroes of the Fatherland are our countrymen. However, not every Russian can be honored to receive this prestigious award today. The most frequent "winners" of this holiday are senior and junior officers. On December 9, Heroes of the Soviet Union, Heroes of the Russian Federation, holders of the Order of St. George and the Order of Glory are honored.

    M.I. Kutuzov Mikhail Illarionovich Golenishchev-Kutuzov (from 1812 His Serene Highness Prince Golenishchev-Kutuzov-Smolensky; 1747-1813) - Russian commander, field marshal general from the Golenishchev-Kutuzov family, commander-in-chief of the Russian army during the Patriotic War of 1812. The first full knight of the Order of St. George.

    G.K. Zhukov ZHUKOV GEORGE KONSTANTINOVICH (1896-1974) - Four times Hero of the Soviet Union, holder of two Orders of Victory, many other Soviet and foreign orders and medals. G.K. Zhukov remained in history as one of the main creators of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War.

    In the Great Patriotic War, cities became heroes In the Great Patriotic War, not only people, but also cities became heroes Leningrad (now St. Petersburg) - from May 1, 1945 Stalingrad (now Volgograd) - from May 1, 1945 Sevastopol - from May 1, 1945 Odessa - from May 1, 1945 Kiev - from May 8, 1965 Moscow - from May 8, 1965 Brest Fortress (Hero-Fortress) - from May 8, 1965 Novorossiysk - from September 14, 1973 Kerch - from September 14, 1973 Minsk - from June 26, 1974 Tula - from December 7, 1976 Murmansk - from May 6, 1985 Smolensk - from May 6, 1985

    Heroes of our time Hero of the Russian Federation - the state award of the Russian Federation - the highest title awarded for services to the state and people associated with the accomplishment of a heroic deed. The Hero of the Russian Federation is awarded a badge of special distinction - the Gold Star medal. The title was established on March 20, 1992 and put into effect on the same day in accordance with the decision of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation. The title of Hero of the Russian Federation is awarded once by the President of the Russian Federation.

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    Slides captions:

    The State Duma in 2007 established a new memorable date - the Day of Heroes of the Fatherland, which is celebrated on December 9 "Russians marked with the honorary title of heroes deserve to have their own holiday"

    Alexander Nevsky (1221-1263) Great Russian commander. He secured the western borders of Russia. Famous battles: 1240 - Battle of the Neva; 1242 - Battle on the Ice. Canonized by the Russian Orthodox Church.

    Dmitry Donskoy 1359-1389 Prince of Moscow and Vladimir, built a new stone Kremlin in Moscow. Openly entered into single combat with the Horde rulers 1378 - battle on the Vozha River 1380 - Battle of Kulikovo

    K. Minin and D. Pozharsky “A kind monument was erected to the Two Heroes by the whole country As a sign that the native land was delivered from misfortune” Liberation from the Polish-Swedish intervention XVII century

    A.V. Suvorov (1730 - 1800) “A good name belongs to every honest person; but I concluded my good name in the glory of my Fatherland and attributed all successes to its prosperity "

    G.K. Zhukov 1896-1974 Suvorov and Kutuzov kept Russia, And with them stood in one Immortal row Four times Hero of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov - Marshal and soldier

    Battle of the Neva 1240 The battle took place at the mouth of the Izhora River on July 15, 1240 over a Swedish detachment, which, according to legend, was commanded by the future ruler of Sweden, Jarl Birger. The battle of 1240 prevented the loss of the shores of the Gulf of Finland by Russia, stopped the Swedish aggression on the Novgorod-Pskov lands

    Battle on the Ice 1242 On April 5, 1242, the battle on Lake Peipsi with the knights of the Livonian Order The victory of A. Nevsky ensured the security of the western borders of Russia for a long time

    Qualities of A. Nevsky Sincere faith, a sense of the land as the highest value, deep patriotism Caring for the well-being of his subjects, pride, love of freedom, caution Personal courage, self-control, fortitude, seething energy, perseverance

    The Russian army goes to Lake Peipus Monument to the squads of A. Nevsky

    Perpetuating the memory of A. Nevsky Peter I in 1724 founded the monastery of Alexander Nevsky Lavra August 30 – A. Nevsky Memorial Day Catherine II established the Order of A. Nevsky I. Stalin established the Soviet Order of A. Nevsky Artist P. Korin - portrait Director S. Eisenstein - movie

    Holy Reverend A. Nevsky

    Icon of St. A. Nevsky

    “Whoever comes to us with a sword will die by the sword!” Alexander, Prince of Novgorod, Vladimir, a skilled commander and diplomat "His name has become a symbol of military prowess. He is ... a worthy son of his restless age"




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