Presentation "How animals hibernate". The story of the Russian folk tale "The winter hut of animals

Presentation "How animals hibernate". The story of the Russian folk tale "The winter hut of animals

Educational multimedia presentation "How animals live in the forest in winter" is intended for use in the process:

Direct educational activities with pupils of groups of senior preschool age within the framework of the educational field "Cognition";

Lessons on the world around in elementary school.

This multimedia presentation aims to achieve the following objectives:

Contribute to the formation of children's ideas about the life of wild animals in winter conditions;

Exercise children in the ability to determine the adaptive signs of animals for winter;

Develop curiosity, the ability to use different types of sentences;

Cultivate respect for all living things.

The presentation makes it possible to observe the life of wild animals in winter, which is not possible in natural conditions.

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Synopsis of the GCD in the educational field "Knowledge" in senior group

How animals live in the forest in winter

Program tasks:

Contribute to the formation of children's ideas about the life of wild animals in winter conditions;

Exercise children in the ability to determine the adaptive signs of animals for winter;

Develop curiosity, the ability to use different types of sentences;

Cultivate respect for all living things.

Vocabulary work:dictionary enrichment: “mouse”, “leader”.

Material: multimedia installation, multimedia presentation “How animals live in the forest in winter”.

GCD progress:

Educator: I messed up the paths,

Decorated the windows

Gave joy to children

And she rode on a sled.

What's this?

Children: Winter.

Educator: Guys, why do you love winter?(children's answers)

Educator: Today I suggest you go to the winter forest. We'll go down the path first(children walk at a calm pace)more and more snow, now we walk in deep snow, raise our legs high, bend our knees(children walk with high understanding of their legs).

(Slide number 1). So we found ourselves in the forest. Look at the screen, what a beautiful forest! The whole forest is covered with snow that sparkles like silver.

Enchantress Winter

Bewitched, the forest stands,

And under the snowy fringe,

Motionless, dumb

He shines with a wonderful life.(Slide number 2).

How beautiful it is in the forest, calmly, quietly, and what fresh air in the forest.(Breathing exercise "Let's blow on a snowflake")

Educator: Guys, maybe there is no one in the forest? With the advent of winter, all animals and birds disappeared. Look! Here are some footprints! Who do you think has been here?(Slide number 3).

Children: Hare.

Educator: What do the tracks of a hare look like?(For drops.)

Teacher: Here he is. Who do you think he is hiding from?

Children: Owl, wolf, fox

Educator: What helps the hare to notice the danger?(Slide number 4)

Children: Big sensitive ears.

Educator: How does a hare escape from enemies?

Children: The hare runs fast, winds, confuses its tracks. But if an enemy overtakes him, he will defend himself, fight back with his paws, bite, and the hare's teeth are very sharp.

Educator: Why is the hare white in winter?

Children: The white skin helps to escape from enemies, it becomes invisible in the snow.

Educator: How did the hare adapt to life in the forest in winter.

Children: It has white fur, long hind legs, can quickly jump, dodge, hide.

Educator: What does a hare eat in winter?(children's answers)

Educator: I seem to hear someone's voices ... This is a magpie and a hare talking, you want to know what they are talking about.(Slide number 5)

Listen, Hare, - says Magpie - everyone says that aspen passion is bitter. And you, I see, gnaw it and do not even squint!

And I, Magpie, use aspen for the third dish. When the first thing is only fresh air, the second - jumping in the snow, so the bitter aspen will seem sweeter than honey on the third!

Educator: It is difficult for a bunny in the winter in the forest, hungry, cold, let's help him, what gift will we leave him?(carrot, cabbage y, hay) (Slide No. 6).

Educator: Guys, look, snow is falling from a fluffy branch, is someone in charge here?

Children: Belka. (Slide number 7).

Educator: What does a squirrel eat in winter?

Children: Berries, mushrooms, fruits of trees and shrubs.

Educator: How should you behave in the forest so as not to frighten the squirrel?

Children: Do not shout, do not make noise.

Educator: What color is the squirrel's fur coat in winter?(Grey.)

Educator: Why do you think the squirrel changes its coat?

Children: The gray color of the fur coat makes it inconspicuous among the tree branches..

Educator: Where does the squirrel make his home?

Children: In a hollow, nest.(Slide number 8).

Educator: Guys, why do you think, when it is very cold, the squirrel does not come out of the hollow.

Children: In the hollow of the squirrel, it is dry, warm, all the holes were caulked with moss. Squirrel is a very good hostess, neat and thrifty. No wonder it is popularly called troublesome. The squirrel climbs into the hollow, curls up and closes the nose with its tail.

Educator: How does a squirrel escape from enemies?

Children: Moves quickly through trees, jumps from tree to tree, feeds on a tree trunk.

Educator: Tell us how the squirrel adapted to live in the winter in the forest.

Children: Lives in a hollow, has gray-silver fur, sharp claws, fluffy tail, can easily climb trees.

Educator: Let's treat the squirrel, what will we leave to feast on her?

Children: Nuts, mushrooms.(Slide number 9)

Fizkultminutka.

Physical exercise squirrel is not lazy

Engage all day long.

From one branch, jumping to the left,

She sat down on a branch.

Then jumped to the right

Circled over the hollow.

Left - right all day

The squirrel is not too lazy to jump.

(Children perform movements in accordance with the text)

Educator: Guys, look, but the hole, I wonder whose it is? What do you think?(Slide number 10)

Children: Fox.

Educator: During the day, the fox hides in a deep hole, which he arranges in a dense forest. But she can take someone else's hole. Guys, does the fox change its coat color for the winter?

Children: The color of the fox does not change.(Slide number 11).

Educator: The red-haired mistress walked through the forest, swept the stitches - the paths with her tail. Why do you think the fox has such a fluffy tail?

Children: Warms, covers traces.

Educator: The tip of the fox's tail is white so that in the dark the cubs do not lose their mother when they run after her. The fox is an agile and cautious animal. The little fox knows - a fox, in a fur coat all her beauty. There is no red fur coat in the forest, there is no cunning beast in the forest. Guys, what do you think, who is the fox sniffing out under the snow?(Slide number 12).

Children: Mice.

Educator: In winter, life in the forest stops, and mice - voles become the main fox food. The fox mouses - it means hunting mice. She wanders around the field and listens to where the mice are squeaking in their minks under the snow, and when she hears, then save the mice, because the fox's gossip has sharp teeth! What helps the fox to find prey?

Children: Good hearing and smell.

Educator: What else does a fox eat?

Children: Small animals, birds.

Educator: What gift will we leave for the fox(Fish.) (Slide number 13)

Educator: Look, they are walking, prowling, looking for something gray ...(Wolves). (Slide number 14).

Educator: What warms the wolf in winter?

Children: Thick, dense, warm coat.

Educator: The wolf does not change the color of the coat for the winter, it remains silver-gray. Who do wolves prey on?

Children: Wolves prey on large animals: deer, elk.

Educator: What do you think helps wolves hunt?

Children: Long strong legs, they can run for prey for a long time.

Educator: No wonder they say that the wolf's feet feed. Wolves hunt in a pack, they surround the prey and attack it. Wolves sleep in the snow, cover their nose and paws with their magnificent tail. There is always a leader in a pack of wolves. This is the strongest, smartest and most experienced wolf. Other weak wolves obey him.

Educator: Guys, look, whose footprints are in the clearing?(Slide number 15)

Children: These are moose tracks.

Educator: A little touching with hooves,

A handsome man walks through the forest

Walks boldly and easily

Horns spread wide.(Slide number 16).

Elk is a large animal, tall, has long legs, strong hooves, horns. Moose can easily run through deep snow. They defend themselves with strong hooves and horns. What does a moose eat?

Children: Elk eats tree branches.

Educator: But after a heavy snowfall it is difficult to feed the animals. Shrubs and low trees are covered with snow and neither elk nor hare can reach them. And then people come to the aid of animals - foresters.

Educator: How do foresters help moose?(Slide number 17).

Children: They feed animals and birds. They lay out birch and aspen brooms, hay, make feeders. Let's help the moose, what will we leave him?(Hay) (Slide number 18).

Educator: For a long time we wandered through the forest, but for some reason did not meet the bear's tracks?

Children: A bear sleeps in a den in winter.(Slide number 19)

Educator: Why does a bear sleep in winter?

Children: In winter, it is difficult for a bear to find food.

Educator: How does he sleep all winter and eat nothing?

Children: The bear eats well in the fall, and fat accumulates under his skin.

Educator: Let's not make noise here, otherwise we'll wake up the clubfoot, let him sleep until spring.

Guys, I suggest you play the Pathfinder game.

I follow the trail of the beast

There was an imprint in the snow.

I'll still find it

Even though he plays hide and seek with me.

Find out which animals left their footprints in the snow.(Slide number 20)

Educator: It's time for us to return to kindergarten. Look, here is our path.(Slide number 21). Raise your legs high, bend your knees.(Children walk high raising their legs)Here we are on a clean path. Don't want to run down the winter track.(Running in all directions).

Educator: Guys, did you like a walk in the winter forest?(children's answers)

Educator: Whom did you meet in the forest today?(children's answers)

Educator: What is the name of the animals that live in the forest?(children's answers)

Educator: What do you think, how do animals live in the forest in winter?

Children: In winter, many animals spend most of the day looking for food. Others use their reserves. Some go to sleep for the winter. Forest animals, like birds, need to be fed in winter.

Educator: All animals have their own home, what is it for?

Children: A house is needed in order to live, hide from the weather, and relax.

Educator: The forest for animals is a native and beloved home, and we came to visit, so we must follow certain rules. What rules of conduct in the forest do you know?

Children: You can’t make noise so as not to frighten away animals, birds. In the forest, do not run far away, otherwise you can get lost.

Educator: Thank you guys, you pleased me with your knowledge. Did you enjoy a walk in the winter forest? What do you especially remember?(Children's answers).

We will take the next walk in the spring forest, see what changes will occur in the life of animals with the advent of spring.


GBOU Novozybkovskaya boarding school

Prepared by:

Vlasenko E.M.

teacher of the highest category



- What season is it now?

- Name the winter months.

- What is the weather today?

  • What changes have taken place in

- What is the precipitation in winter?

nature with the arrival of winter?



Winter is the coldest time of the year.

The sun is sinking low.

Short days are set

and long nights.

Soil and water bodies freeze.

The frosts are coming. The ground is covered with snow. At this time of the year we see fog, snowfall, ice,

frost, ice, frost, blizzard.

Winter is a difficult period in the life of hibernating animals. The forest was covered with snow. The trees are all covered in fluffy snow, sparkling in the rays of the sun.

But it is not easy for animals to live in the winter forest. It is not easy to get food from under the snow, to conserve strength.

The foxes hid in their warm holes.

Squirrels live by nibbling on nuts stashed away in autumn. Bears in dens suck their paws. Wolves hunt down prey.



The squirrel builds its nest in the forks of branches or in hollows of trees. By winter, the squirrel has insulated its nest, which serves as a reliable protection from bad weather. In severe frosts, squirrels do not run through the forest, they hide in nests. By winter, the squirrel makes food supplies.

How does a squirrel live in winter?


What is the squirrel hiding in the hollow?

ishkish

cones

erioh

nuts

iyrbg

mushrooms

dogiya

berries


- What squirrel?


Continue the proverb about work:

Do you like to ride

Without labor you will not pull out and

Skill and work

Master's work

Don't take on too many things

What is the soul for?

Under a lying stone and

love to carry sleds.

fish from the pond.

everything will be twisted.

fears.

but stand out in one.

to that and hands will be attached.

water is not flowing.


What other wild animal

stocking up for the winter?




Hares have stronger hind legs than their front legs. He runs on loose snow on his pubescent paws easily, like on skis.

He sleeps lightly, dozing half asleep with his eyes open, closing them only for a minute. During heavy blizzards and snowfalls, it hides in shallow holes, in bushes.


  • Follow the rabbit's path.
  • Solve the examples and connect the stumps in ascending order.


Lair - a hole dug somewhere under the roots of a tree, lined with grass. The bear lies down with his head towards the exit, covers his muzzle with his paw and sleeps.

At this time, he does not eat,

lives on stored fat.


The game " What branch are the kids from?

pine

aspen

Birch

Rowan


Hedgehogs, raccoons, badgers, bears sleep in dens and burrows.

What other animals do you know that hibernate just like a bear?




In winter, due to lack of food, wolves

become less careful. Sometimes they go hunting even during the day, they come close to the villages, they attack livestock.


Wolves have a good sense of smell and

Even faint sounds are heard. This helps them to find prey, and strong legs - to chase running animals.


Wolves hunt in packs in winter and attack elk, wild boar.

How do wolves hunt in winter?


Hello! Recognized me?

I'm not alone in the forest...




where the characters are wolves.

Little fox sister and gray wolf.









He loves, like a cat, to play with prey.

In winter, you can see how the fox sniffs the snow. In fact, by smell under the snow, she tracks down mice.

What is a fox in fairy tales?


Guess the puzzles.

tassel

paints


cover


the equation

root


dictionary

denominator



Foresters feed the animals.

How do foresters help animals?



Young aspens are cut for moose,

elk also like rowan and pine branches. For boars leave

root crops: beets, rutabaga, turnips, acorns.


To help the fish in the winter, in the ice

make holes. And so that the water quickly

did not freeze, they put bunches in it

straw and covered with snow. For birds

hang feeders and leave them in them

feed.





What new and interesting things did you learn

about animal life in winter?


GOOD FELLOWS !

"Animals in winter" - Nastovichki - March-April. The hare arranges a laying place in an open place or under fallen trees. And hares are called "spikelets" or "buckwheat". We will be friends with you, Good forest, mighty forest! Full of fairy tales and wonders! Hares have many enemies: hunters, wolves, foxes, dogs, eagles, owls.

"The life of animals in winter" -. February. Color change. The fundamental question is: how nature changes in winter. Month of wolves - from hunger - raids on villages; abduct dogs, climb into sheepfolds. Elks, wild boars, hares - branches and bark of trees. Black grouse and partridges spend the whole winter in the snow: it is warm and no one will see it. The earth and the forest are wrapped in a snow doha.

"Beasts in winter" - Woodpecker in winter. Bear in winter. Wild animals in winter. Klest in winter. Tit in winter. Birds in winter. Children's ideas about the lifestyle of forest animals. Sparrow in winter. Hedgehog in winter. Forest in winter. Crow in winter. Squirrel in winter. Wolf in the winter in the forest. Marten in winter. Fox in winter. A white hare. Elk in the forest in winter. Boar in winter. Animal tracks in the snow.

“How the animals prepare for winter” - On the branch is not a bird, the animal is small, the fur is warm, like a heating pad. Forests hide many troubles. There will be neither grass nor berries. Like on a hill - snow, snow, and under a hill - snow, snow. The squirrel and her children are not afraid of winter. The nimble little animal lives in a hollow hut. The winter coat on it will become gray, the silvery tail of the squirrel will be fluffy.

"Wildlife in winter" - On a visit to winter. Goldfinch. Inanimate nature in winter. Specify the wintering bird. Wildlife in winter. Game library. House. How do animals prepare for winter? Snow on the fields, ice on the rivers. What animals change color for winter. Phenomena in inanimate nature. Wintering birds. Guess who doesn't hibernate. Test "Visiting winter".

"Wild animals in winter" - People love the fox for its character, for its beauty. Report of correspondents and speakers. The speakers described in detail the life of wild animals in winter. Wolves travel long distances in search of food. No wonder the people put down the saying: "The feet feed the wolf." Usually in a pack of 10-12 wolves. At the end of February, a difficult time comes for moose.

In total there are 9 presentations in the topic

This educational resource is intended

· Target: - formation of ideas about the objects of the surrounding world;

Expanding children's ideas about seasonal changes in the life of wild animals;

Formation of rules for safe behavior in nature, respect for nature.

· Presentation "How Animals Winter" can be used in educational activities with preschool children, consists of 18 slides.

Download:

Preview:

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Slides captions:

Presentation on the topic: "How animals hibernate"

Forest in late autumn.

Bear and his lair.

Hedgehog and his winter hut.

Badger and his hole.

Beaver and his hut.

Squirrel in summer and winter.

Squirrel hole in winter

Vole and her hole.

Lynx in summer and winter.

Hare in summer and winter.

Fox in summer and winter.

Wolf in summer and winter.

Wolf Pack

Moose in summer and winter.

Sable in summer and winter

Forest dormouse in summer and winter

Bat in summer and winter

Preview:

ELECTRONIC EDUCATIONAL RESOURCE ON THE TOPIC

"HOW THE ANIMALS WINTER"

  • Author-compiler:Goldina Anna Vladimirovna, educator of GBDOU No. 85 of the Primorsky district of St. Petersburg.
  • This educational resource is intendedfor older preschool children.
  • Target: - formation of ideas about the objects of the surrounding world;

Expanding children's ideas about seasonal changes in the life of wild animals;

Formation of rules for safe behavior in nature, respect for nature.

  • Presentation "How Animals Winter" can be used in educational activities with preschool children, consists of 18 slides.
  • Content:
  1. Title page.
  2. Pictures "Forest in late autumn" (day and night)
  3. Pictures "Bear", "Bear's lair"
  4. Pictures "Hedgehog", "Hedgehog's winter hut"
  5. Pictures "Badger", "Badger Hole"
  6. Pictures "Beaver", "Beaver Hut"
  7. Pictures "Squirrel in summer", "Squirrel in winter"
  8. Picture "Squirrel hole in winter"
  9. Pictures "Vole", "Vole Hole"
  10. Pictures "Lynx in summer", "Lynx in winter"
  11. Pictures "Hare in summer", "Hare in winter"
  12. Pictures "Fox in summer", "Fox in winter"
  13. Pictures "Wolf in summer", "Wolf in winter"
  14. Picture "Wolf Pack"
  15. Pictures "Moose in summer", "Moose in winter"
  16. Pictures "Sable in summer", "Sable in winter"
  17. Pictures "Garden dormouse in summer", "Garden dormouse in winter".
  18. Pictures "Bat in summer", "Bat in winter".

Working with a presentation. Teacher's comments.

slide 1.

What season is approaching us? That's right, winter! Now we have late autumn and we are preparing for winter, right? How can we as humans prepare for it? (We buy warm clothes, prepare preparations for the winter, insulate our houses, plug windows, etc.). Guys, do you know that the animals living in the forests are preparing for winter almost the same way as we are! They also make edible stocks, insulate their minks, change their summer skin for winter, and some animals generally spend the whole winter in deep sleep! Today we will talk with you about how different animals prepare for the arrival of winter.In winter, many wild animals sleep - they hibernate. During hibernation, they do not eat anything, do not grow, do not respond to sounds.

Before hibernation in autumn, animals accumulate fat. Fat helps them maintain body temperature during long hibernation - it “warms” them from the inside like a stove.

Slide 2.

In late autumn, the forest seems to fall asleep. The chirping of birds is not heard, with the onset of cold weather, insects disappeared, the grass withered and withered. The animals have been preparing for the onset of cold weather since the summer. Life in the forest goes on.

Animals suffer the most in winter not from the cold, but from hunger. It is food that animals need to maintain a constant body temperature and not die. In search of food, wild animals can travel long distances and even go to human dwellings. Is it possible to approach a met wild animal? (No, why? (It can bite, it can carry dangerous diseases) What should you do if you accidentally see a wounded wild animal? (Tell adults, they can call the wildlife center)

Slide 3.

Bears equip their home in advance. They are looking for caves, ditches, where they carry leaves, branches, moss, from above they make a soft mattress for themselves from spruce branches. When it snows, it camouflages the bear's hiding place and keeps it warm. Bears do not stockpile food, but in autumn they feed on nuts and fish very actively in order to accumulate as much fat as possible for the wintering period. In fact, the predator does not sleep, but dozes, and if necessary, he can leave the den. It is in winter that the she-bear has small cubs.

slide 4.

By cold weather, hedgehogs need to accumulate fat, and in autumn, hedgehogs have little prey. Worms hide in the ground, Nimble lizards hide. It is difficult to find beetles and frogs. On clear autumn days, the hedgehog prepares a warm nest for wintering. At night and during the day it drags dry leaves and soft forest moss into the hole. The hedgehog spends more than six months in hibernation. At this time, he does not eat anything and does not move. He sleeps curled up in a den, under a deep snowdrift, as if under a thick, fluffy blanket. And he sleeps like this all winter, until the spring sun.

Slide 5.

Winter for badgers is a difficult period in life, they do not tolerate low temperatures. In early autumn, badgers prepare shelter and gather food for the winter. In order to survive the winter, they equip their burrow with grasses, branches, moss, etc. From food, they stock up on nuts, acorns, plants, seeds, etc. They are sensitive to frost. The winter is spent passively in a hole, eating stocks.

slide 6.

Beavers prepare their homes in advance. They can place it at water level or underwater. To do this, they demolish sticks, branches, which are skillfully tied with algae, grass or held together with clay. The house built by beavers under the ice is warm and safe. They do not freeze in the water in winter, because their fur coat is waterproof. Beavers pre-prepare their food for the winter. In winter, they do not hibernate, but reduce their activity, while being supported by food.

Slide 7.

Squirrels prepare for winter throughout the year. They stock up on nuts, acorns, mushrooms, berries, cones, as they eat only plant foods. They carefully dry the obtained food on branches, stumps and put it in their dwelling. Squirrels hibernate in hollows, but do not hibernate. They do not tolerate frost well, so they spend most of the winter time in their houses. Squirrels equip the hollow in advance with tree bark, moss, found feathers, etc. In winter, squirrels change their color from red to grayish, in order to mask

slide 8.

It looks like a squirrel's hole with supplies for the winter.

Slide 9

It is interesting to meet winter and many voles. These cute mice start harvesting grass already in spring, putting it in small piles under certain shelters (for example, under stones). In summer, voles bring wild rose flowers, leaves, cones and needles there. Active activity of these creatures ends in autumn, when the first snow covers the mountain meadows. One family of voles can store from 5 to 10 kg of food!

slide 10.

The lynx does not hibernate. Among all representatives of the cat family, the lynx is best adapted to the cold. She moves superbly in deep snow, climbs trees. Favorite prey of lynxes are hares, black grouse, hazel grouses. Sometimes she attacks wild boar cubs, in a hungry winter she can also feed on small rodents. In winter, elks especially get from the lynx, when it is difficult for these long-legged animals to move through deep and loose snow. By winter, the lynx's coat becomes thick, fluffy and soft, and the lynx's paws are heavily pubescent so as not to feel the cold.

slide 11

Hares do not equip holes and do not stock food for wintering. They endure severe frosts on their paws. As a disguise, starting in autumn, hares change color from gray to white. This gives them the opportunity to camouflage themselves from predators against the backdrop of snow. Well, if a wolf or a fox noticed him, he quickly tries to escape. Winter behavior also includes digging temporary burrows in snow or hay. In such holes, he rests and gains strength.

slide 12.

Preparation for winter at the fox begins with the warming of the fur coat. Her coat becomes thick, downy, bright. It perfectly protects the fox from severe frosts. The fox lives in burrows all year round. Often a place for digging a hole is some kind of hill, so that the fox can survey the entire forest. If she moved far from her hole and a strong snowstorm began, the fox may temporarily settle in another abandoned hole. Before returning to the hole, she carefully confuses the tracks. The fox does not make stocks for the winter, but regularly goes hunting. Most often, rodents become its prey. For lack of meat, she can eat found berries or vegetables. Nature is so complicated that in winter, the metabolism of foxes is reduced. Subcutaneous fat is wasted on warming them in severe frosts. Furry paws allow foxes to move silently when hunting prey. The fox is resistant to severe frosts.

slide 13.

Wolves are the most dangerous forest predators. Their coat becomes thick and long in winter. Such wool helps the wolf to endure the winter cold. And even in severe frosts, the wolf can sleep in the snow, covering its nose with a fluffy tail. As soon as it starts to get dark, the wolves come out to hunt. Wolves travel very long distances in search of food. Sometimes many tens of kilometers. They hunt animals of any size alone or in packs.

Slide 14

A pack of wolves easily catch prey within a radius of 30-60 km, then eat it together. On average, a pack consists of 7-12 wolves. The coordinated actions of the whole pack help the wolves survive in the winter.

slide 15.

Moose live in the forests. Closer to autumn, when lingonberries and blueberries ripen, the moose loves to eat them right with twigs, and also loves mushrooms, even looking for them on purpose. In winter, the elk gnaws on the bark of aspen, mountain ash and willow. At the end of autumn, he sheds his horns, and by the spring new ones grow in him. He does not prepare a permanent home. It is difficult for them in winter, when the snow floor is very deep, because it is not easy to get over it with such long legs.

Herbivores can have a very hard time in winter, especially if there is a lot of snow. Overwinter for moose, deer, etc. foresters help. They store hay in summer, and in winter they put feeders with hay and branches in the forest - animal "canteens".

slide 16.

Sable is tied to a certain territory. To leave somewhere for tens of kilometers from your “hunting ground” is not in the rules of this animal. Sable nimbly climbs trees, but prefers to live and hunt on the ground. In winter, he does not like to move in the snow. The sable has excellent hearing - hearing the squeak of a mouse, it dives into the snow, and deftly finds and grabs prey under the snow.

slide 17.

Before the onset of cold weather, forest dormice begin to noticeably gain weight. They get fat until they weigh a couple of times their normal weight and look like a small fur pouch. These creatures sleep in spherical nests, twisted by them especially for wintering. At least they are active! Zoologists are touched by the sight of a sleeping forest dormouse: the rodent curls up into a very tight ball, pressing its nose and small paws to its abdomen. At the same time, the fluffy tail in a semicircle covers almost the entire body of the animal.

slide 18.

The exterminators of harmful insects - bats, disappear from our field of vision in autumn. Some of their species with the onset of cold fly to warmer, southern regions, flying many kilometers. But earflaps, nightlights and evenings remain in place and hibernate. Animals look for comfortable shelters by hiding in a gap or securely attaching their paws to ceilings or walls, hanging upside down. The shelter must be securely hidden and without drafts. The temperature in it fluctuates 7-8 0 C with a humidity of 80 - 100%. It can be deep wells, dungeons, basements, caves, mines and adits, attics and hollows of old trees.

When compiling the EOR, pictures and texts of the Yandex search service were used.


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Slides captions:

Presentation on theme: "How Animals Winter." Educator GBDOU No. 37 Emelyanova N.I. November 2016

The first animal that we will talk about today is the bear, the owner of all forests. What do you know about him? (children's answers) The main food of a bear is berries, nuts, roots, bulbs, ants, beetle larvae and fish. By this, he accumulates a fatty layer for the winter. Brown bears make their lair in a hidden, inaccessible place. Most often, under the root of a twisted tree or in a windbreak. In November, the bears climb up there and fall asleep. Bears sleep restlessly. If something disturbs them, they can abandon the lair and build another. In the bear's den, cubs are born, usually 1-2, rarely 3. They are very small, the size of a mitten. Mother bear feeds them with milk for 8 months. and even when she sleeps in winter.

The next animal we will talk about is the lynx. The lynx does not hibernate. Among all representatives of the cat family, the lynx is best adapted to the cold. She moves superbly in deep snow, climbs trees. Favorite prey of lynxes are hares, black grouse, hazel grouses. Sometimes she attacks wild boar cubs, in a hungry winter she can also feed on small rodents. In winter, elks especially get from the lynx, when it is difficult for these long-legged animals to move through deep and loose snow. By winter, the lynx's coat becomes thick, fluffy and soft, and the lynx's paws are heavily pubescent so as not to feel the cold.

Hare. As we know, before the onset of winter, the hare changes its gray skin to white. In winter they feed on bark, small branches of aspen, willow, birch. In winter, a fallen tree can become a real hare dining room, where animals visit every day until they gnaw all the bark. They have no permanent home. In extreme cold, they hide under snow-covered bushes.

Hedgehog. By cold weather, hedgehogs need to accumulate fat, and in autumn, hedgehogs have little prey. Worms hide in the ground, nimble lizards hide. It is difficult to find beetles and frogs. On clear autumn days, the hedgehog prepares a warm nest for wintering. At night and during the day it drags dry leaves and soft forest moss into the hole. The hedgehog spends more than six months in hibernation. At this time, he does not eat anything and does not move. He sleeps curled up in a den, under a deep snowdrift, as if under a thick, fluffy blanket. And he sleeps like this all winter, until the spring sun.

Squirrel. Many rodents also make winter stocks. Squirrels that sleep in winter only in very severe frosts need capital stocks. Unlike many other animals, squirrels share their reserves. In autumn, they hide acorns and nuts in the forest floor, in hollows, in the ground. Not only the hostess herself, but also any other squirrel can get them out of there. They also store mushrooms in a special way: they string them on tree branches or put them into forks between branches. By winter, the fur coat of this animal becomes very soft and fluffy, and the color is grayish. She builds her nest on tall spruce or pine trees. Inside the nest - soft grass, moss, wool balls. In severe frosts, the squirrel does not crawl out of its hollow, it may even fall asleep.




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